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백반증의 분류 및 진단

Other Titles
 Classification and diagnosis of vitiligo 
Authors
 오상호 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol.63(12) : 731-740, 2020-12 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 
ISSN
 1975-8456 
Issue Date
2020-12
Keywords
Vitiligo ; Classification ; Diagnosis ; Differential diagnosis
Abstract
Vitiligo is a relatively common, acquired hypopigmentary disorder caused by the loss of epidermal melanocytes. It is characterized by asymptomatic, well-circumscribed round to oval-shaped whitish patches that vary in size. Depending on various clinical features, vitiligo is classified into several types, that is, non-segmental, segmental, and undetermined/unclassified vitiligo. The uniform classification of vitiligo is very important in predicting its clinical course and prognosis and communication among researchers. In particular, segmental vitiligo is a highly distinctive subtype of vitiligo considering its clinical features and prognosis. It usually has an onset early in life and spreads rapidly within the affected area limited to one segment of the integument. Signs of vitiligo activity such as Koebnerʼs phenomenon, trichrome vitiligo, inflammatory vitiligo, and confetti-like lesions give useful information to start treatments to block the progression of the disease. Lastly, other hypopigmentary disorders should be distinguished from vitiligo to make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the right treatment. In this report, I review the clinical features of vitiligo, various subtypes according to classification, and the importance for differential diagnosis of hypopigmentary disorders from vitiligo.
Files in This Item:
T202006018.pdf Download
DOI
10.5124/jkma.2020.63.12.731
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Dermatology (피부과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Oh, Sang Ho(오상호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4477-1400
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/181537
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