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Synergistic effect of smoking on age-related hearing loss in patients with diabetes

 Seong Hoon Bae  ;  Sang Hyun Kwak  ;  Jae Young Choi  ;  Jinsei Jung 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.10(1) : 18893, 2020-11 
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This study investigated the synergistic effects of risk factors on age-related hearing loss (ARHL) using nationwide cross-sectional data of 33,552 individuals from the 2010‒2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Patients with ARHL were selected based on their pure-tone audiometry results. Previously reported risk factors for ARHL were analyzed using logistic regression and propensity score-matching, and synergistic effects between risk factors were analyzed using propensity score-matching. Of the 12,570 individuals aged 40-79 years, 2002 (15.9%) met the criteria for ARHL. Male sex, exposure to occupational noise, and diabetes showed a significant relationship with ARHL (p < 0.05) in both the logistic regression and propensity score-matching analyses. Smoking and diabetes showed the strongest significant synergistic effect on ARHL (odds ratio [OR] 1.963, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.285‒2.998; p = 0.002). In the subgroup analysis based on smoking status, current smokers with diabetes had a significant relationship with ARHL (OR 1.883, CI 1.191‒2.975; p = 0.009), whereas ex-smokers with diabetes did not (OR 1.250; CI 0.880‒1.775; p = 0.246). This implies that current smokers with diabetes may benefit from the cessation of smoking. In conclusion, patients with diabetes should strictly avoid or cease smoking to prevent the progression of ARHL.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Bae, Seong Hoon(배성훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9243-9392
Jung, Jinsei(정진세) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1906-6969
Choi, Jae Young(최재영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9493-3458
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