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Association of Vitamin D Status and Physical Activity with Lipid Profile in Korean Children and Adolescents: A Population-Based Study

 Kyungchul Song  ;  Gihong Park  ;  Youngha Choi  ;  Jun Suk Oh  ;  Han Saem Choi  ;  Junghwan Suh  ;  Ahreum Kwon  ;  Ho-Seong Kim  ;  Hyun Wook Chae 
 CHILDREN-BASEL, Vol.7(11) : 241, 2020-11 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Vitamin D ; adolescents ; children ; lipid ; physical activity
Dyslipidemia is one of the important influencing factors of cardiovascular health in the youth, and thus, assessment of its etiology is important. We aimed to investigate the association of dyslipidemia with vitamin D and physical activity in Korean children and adolescents. Data of 3183 subjects aged 12-18 years in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Participants were divided into subgroups according to sex, body mass index, 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels, and lipid profile. The mean 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was 16.15 ng/mL, which was below normal. In total, 79.3% of the subjects had vitamin D deficiency. Females had lower vitamin D levels and a higher incidence of dyslipidemia compared to males. Vitamin D deficiency was significantly associated with high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. The low HDL-C group consisted of a higher proportion of subjects with vitamin D deficiency and low physical activity. This study suggests that vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in Korean children and adolescents. Vitamin D deficiency and low physical activity are related with low HDL-C levels. Maintaining sufficient vitamin D levels and physical activity may help prevent dyslipidemia.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Others (기타) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Ah Reum(권아름) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9692-2135
Kim, Ho Seong(김호성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1135-099X
Suh, Junghwan(서정환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2092-2585
Song, Kyungchul(송경철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8497-5934
Chae, Hyun Wook(채현욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5016-8539
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