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Sex-based Approach for the Clinical Impact of the Increased Hemoglobin on Incident AF in the General Population

 In Soo Kim  ;  Byoung Kwon Lee  ;  Pil Sung Yang  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Jong Youn Kim 
 KOREAN CIRCULATION JOURNAL, Vol.50(12) : 1095-1110, 2020-12 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Atrial fibrillation ; Hemoglobins ; Polycythemia ; Sex
Background and objectives: Although the adverse cardiovascular effect of anemia has been well described, the effect of polycythemia on the incident atrial fibrillation (AF) remain unclear. The objective of this study is to identify the association between increased hemoglobin and incident AF.

Methods: This was a retrospective-cohort study with 434,269 subjects who underwent national health examinations from the Korean National Sample Cohort. We estimated the risk of incident AF according to hemoglobin-based four-categories.

Results: During 3.9-year of follow-up, polycythemia group showed higher incidences of AF (hazard ratio[HR] with 95% confidence interval[CI], 1.50 [1.28-1.76] and 1.69 [1.13-2.56]; in men and women, respectively) than normal hemoglobin group (each p<0.001). In the normal hemoglobin and polycythemia groups, a 1 g/dL increase in hemoglobin level was associated with increased risks of incident AF (1.12 [1.07-1.17] and 1.18 [1.10-1.26] in men and women, each p<0.001). To investigate the specific hemoglobin concentration related to greater AF incidence, we analyzed the sensitivity/specificity of different hemoglobin levels: ≥16.0 g/dL in men and ≥14.5 g/dL in women showed the highest Youden's index, with c-indices of 0.83 and 0.82, respectively. Kaplan-Meier cumulative-event curves according to these specific hemoglobin levels (≥16.0 g/dL in men and ≥14.5 g/dL in women) also showed consistent results in both sexes (each p<0.05).

Conclusions: Even in the Korean general population, increased hemoglobin was significantly associated with higher rate of incident AF. Especially, subjects with hemoglobin levels ≥14.5 g/dL in women and ≥16.0 g/dL among men were associated with increased risk of incident AF.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, In-Soo(김인수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2801-5514
Kim, Jong Youn(김종윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7040-8771
Lee, Byoung Kwon(이병권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9259-2776
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
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