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The loss of nuclear expression of single-stranded DNA binding protein 2 of gastric adenocarcinoma and its prognostic role: Analysis of molecular subtype

 Seongsik Bang  ;  Hyunsung Kim  ;  Kiseok Jang  ;  Seung Sam Paik  ;  Su-Jin Shin 
 PLOS ONE, Vol.15(8) : e0236896, 2020-08 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adenocarcinoma / pathology ; Aged ; Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics ; Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism ; Cell Nucleus / metabolism ; DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics ; DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism* ; Female ; Gene Expression ; Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification ; Humans ; Immunohistochemistry ; Kaplan-Meier Estimate ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prognosis ; Receptor, ErbB-2 / genetics* ; Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism ; Stomach Neoplasms* / classification ; Stomach Neoplasms* / pathology ; Transcription Factors / genetics ; Transcription Factors / metabolism
Single-stranded DNA binding protein 2 (SSBP2) is ubiquitously expressed, with several studies reporting it to be a tumor suppressor. We investigated SSBP2 expression and its clinicopathological significance in gastric cancer. SSBP2 expression was examined by immunohistochemistry in 539 gastric cancer sections. The cases were divided into three subtypes, namely, Epstein-Barr virus-associated (EBV), microsatellite unstable, and others (microsatellite stable and EBV negative), based on the molecular classification of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Cases were also divided into two subgroups according to the amplification status of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Most cases showed SSBP2 positivity, and only 24 (4.5%) cases displayed negative nuclear expression. Loss of nuclear expression correlated significantly with high pT category (P = 0.001), nodal metastasis (P = 0.002), and stage of progression (P = 0.005), with no correlation between molecular characteristics and SSBP2 expression. All HER2 amplification cases displayed positive SSBP2 expression. Negative SSBP2 cases showed significantly shorter recurrence-free survival (RFS) compared to positive SSBP2 cases (P = 0.008). Loss of nuclear expression of SSBP2 was significantly associated with shorter RFS in the microsatellite stable and EBV negative groups (P = 0.002), as well as the HER2 negative group (P = 0.007). However, there were no statistically significant differences in multivariate analyses. Loss of nuclear expression of SSBP2 was a poor prognostic factor, associated with stage of progression and recurrence, and showed no significant difference in molecular characteristics, including TCGA subtype and HER2 status.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Su Jin(신수진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9114-8438
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