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Effects of contact stress on patellarfemoral joint and quadriceps force in fixed and mobile-bearing medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty

Authors
 Hyuck Min Kwon  ;  Jin-Ah Lee  ;  Yong-Gon Koh  ;  Kwan Kyu Park  ;  Kyoung-Tak Kang 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY AND RESEARCH, Vol.15(1) : 517, 2020-11 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY AND RESEARCH 
Issue Date
2020-11
Keywords
Finite-element method ; Patellofemoral joint ; Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty
Abstract
Background: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is an effective treatment for end-stage, symptomatic unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee joint. However, patellofemoral joint degeneration is a contraindication to medial UKA. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical effect of medial UKA using fixed-bearing (FB) and mobile-bearing (MB) design prostheses on the patellofemoral joint. Methods: A three-dimensional finite-element model of a normal knee joint was developed using medical image data. We performed statistical analysis for each model. The differences in contact stress on the patellofemoral joint and the quadriceps force between the FB and MB designs were evaluated under a deep-knee-bend condition. Results: At an early flexion angle, the results of contact stress showed no significant difference between the FB and MB medial UKA models compared with the intact model. However, at high flexion angles, we observed a significant increase in contact stress with the FB models compared with the intact model. On the contrary, in the case of the MB models, we found no statistically significant increment compared with the intact model. A larger quadriceps force was needed to produce an identical flexion angle for both the FB and MB UKA designs than for the intact model. At high flexion angles, a significant increase quadriceps force whit the FB model compared with the intact model. Conclusions: Our results indicate that with medial UKA, the contact stress increased and greater quadriceps force was applied to the patellofemoral joint. However, performing UKA on a patellofemoral joint with osteoarthritis should not be difficult, unless anterior knee pain is present, because the increase in contact stress is negligible.
Files in This Item:
T202005141.pdf Download
DOI
10.1186/s13018-020-02047-0
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Hyuck Min(권혁민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2924-280X
Park, Kwan Kyu(박관규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0514-3257
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/180720
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