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Efficacy of Endoscopic Vacuum-Assisted Closure Treatment for Postoperative Anastomotic Leak in Gastric Cancer

 Soo In Choi  ;  Jun Chul Park  ;  Da Hyun Jung  ;  Sung Kwan Shin  ;  Sang Kil Lee  ;  Yong Chan Lee 
 GUT AND LIVER, Vol.14(6) : 746-754, 2020-11 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Anastomotic leak ; Gastrectomy ; Self-expandable metallic stents ; Stomach neoplasms ; Vacuum assisted closure
Background/aims: Endoscopic vacuum-assisted closure (EVAC) has been attempted as new nonsurgical treatment for anastomotic leakage. We aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of EVAC and compare its efficacy with the self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) for postgastrectomy leakage. Methods: Between January 2007 and February 2018, 39 patients underwent endoscopic treatment for anastomotic leakage after gastric cancer surgery. Of them, 28 patients were treated with SEMS, seven with EVAC after SEMS failure, and four with EVAC. We retrospectively compared the clinical characteristics and therapeutic outcomes between EVAC (n=11) and SEMS (n=28). Results: The median followup duration was 17 months (interquartile range, 9 to 26 months) in both groups. In comparison of clinical characteristics between two groups, only the median size of the leak was larger in the EVAC group than in the SEMS group (2.1 cm vs 1.0 cm; p<0.001). All EVAC cases healed successfully; however, two cases (7.1%) failed to heal in the SEMS group. Anastomotic stricture occurred one case (9.1%) in EVAC and four cases (14.3%) in SEMS within 1 year after endoscopic treatment. The median treatment duration of EVAC was shorter than that of SEMS (15 days vs 36 days; p<0.001). Median weight loss after therapy was similar in both groups (8.0 kg in EVAC vs 9.0 kg in SEMS; p=0.356). Conclusions: EVAC can be effective endoscopic treatment for postgastrectomy anastomotic leakage. Substantial leakage could be an important clinical factor for considering EVAC as a treatment option. Large randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the efficacy of EVAC.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Jun Chul(박준철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8018-0010
Shin, Sung Kwan(신성관) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5466-1400
Lee, Sang Kil(이상길) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0721-0364
Lee, Yong Chan(이용찬) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8800-6906
Jung, Da Hyun(정다현)
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