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Immunopathogenesis of ANCA-Associated Vasculitis

Authors
 Andreas Kronbichler  ;  Keum Hwa Lee  ;  Sara Denicolò  ;  Daeun Choi  ;  Hyojeong Lee  ;  Donghyun Ahn  ;  Kang Hyun Kim  ;  Ji Han Lee  ;  HyungTae Kim  ;  Minha Hwang  ;  Sun Wook Jung  ;  Changjun Lee  ;  Hojune Lee  ;  Haejune Sung  ;  Dongkyu Lee  ;  Jaehyuk Hwang  ;  Sohee Kim  ;  Injae Hwang  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Hyung Jun Kim  ;  Geonjae Cho  ;  Yunryoung Cho  ;  Dongil Kim  ;  Minje Choi  ;  Junhye Park  ;  Junseong Park  ;  Kalthoum Tizaoui  ;  Han Li  ;  Lee Smith  ;  Ai Koyanagi  ;  Louis Jacob  ;  Philipp Gauckler  ;  Jae Il Shin 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, Vol.21(19) : 7319, 2020-10 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES 
ISSN
 1176-9114 
Issue Date
2020-10
Keywords
ANCA ; biomarker ; pathogenesis ; phenotype ; treatment
Abstract
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is an autoimmune disorder which affects small- and, to a lesser degree, medium-sized vessels. ANCA-associated vasculitis encompasses three disease phenotypes: granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). This classification is largely based on clinical presentations and has several limitations. Recent research provided evidence that genetic background, risk of relapse, prognosis, and co-morbidities are more closely related to the ANCA serotype, proteinase 3 (PR3)-ANCA and myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA, compared to the disease phenotypes GPA or MPA. This finding has been extended to the investigation of biomarkers predicting disease activity, which again more closely relate to the ANCA serotype. Discoveries related to the immunopathogenesis translated into clinical practice as targeted therapies are on the rise. This review will summarize the current understanding of the immunopathogenesis of ANCA-associated vasculitis and the interplay between ANCA serotype and proposed disease biomarkers and illustrate how the extending knowledge of the immunopathogenesis will likely translate into development of a personalized medicine approach in the management of ANCA-associated vasculitis.
Files in This Item:
T202004728.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijms21197319
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Jae Il(신재일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2326-1820
Lee, Keum Hwa(이금화) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1511-9587
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/180415
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