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Mechanisms of Long-Term Recurrence 3 Years After Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation

Authors
 Je-Wook Park  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Hui-Nam Pak 
Citation
 JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology, Vol.6(8) : 999-1007, 2020-08 
Journal Title
 JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology 
ISSN
 2405-500X 
Issue Date
2020-08
Keywords
atrial fibrillation ; catheter ablation ; characteristics ; long-term recurrence
Abstract
Objectives: This study explored the potential mechanisms of long-term recurrence (LTR) of atrial fibrillation (AF) 3 years after AF catheter ablation (AFCA). Background: AF is a progressive disease, and the mechanism underlying long-term recurrence after AFCA is unclear. Methods: Among 2,209 consecutive patients who underwent AFCA, 1,325 (age 59 ± 11 years, 72.5% male) who underwent regular rhythm follow-ups for >3 years were enrolled. Among them, 659 patients remained in sinus rhythm (SR), 327 recurred after 3 to 12 months (short-term recurrence [STR]), 235 after 1 to 3 years (mid-term recurrence [MTR]), and 104 after 3 years (long-term recurrence [LTR]). Two hundred-eighteen recurrent patients underwent repeat procedures: 112, 80, and 26 in the STR, MTR, and LTR groups, respectively. Results: The pre-ablation left-atrial (LA) dimensions were larger in the STR (p < 0.001) and MTR groups (p < 0.001) but not in the LTR group compared with the SR group. Low LA voltages were independently associated with an LTR (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 0.57 [0.36 to 0.92]; p = 0.022). Upon the redo mapping, the number of reconnected pulmonary veins (PVs) was 2.0 (interquartile range [IQR]: 0 to 3), 1.5 (IQR: 0 to 3), and 1.0 (IQR: 0 to 2) in the STR, MTR, and LTR groups, respectively (p = 0.030). Post-ablation extra PV triggers were more commonly found in the LTR than STR or MTR groups (LTR 40.9% to STR 19.2%; p = 0.014) during the second procedure. Conclusions: The LTR group had a similar baseline LA size and significantly lower LA voltage than the SR group. In the repeat procedures, the LTR group had fewer reconnected PVs, but extra PV triggers were more common than in the STR and MTR groups.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405500X2030373X
DOI
10.1016/j.jacep.2020.04.035
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Park, Je Wook(박제욱)
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/180394
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