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Kallikrein 5 overexpression is associated with poor prognosis in uterine cervical cancer

 Jee Suk Chang  ;  Nalee Kim  ;  Ji Ye Kim  ;  Sung Im Do  ;  Yeona Cho  ;  Hyun Soo Kim  ;  Yong Bae Kim 
 JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGIC ONCOLOGY, Vol.31(6) : e78, 2020-11 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Kallikreins ; Prognosis ; Radiation Therapy ; Uterine Cervical Cancer
Objective: Kallikrein 5 (KLK5), which is frequently observed in normal cervico-vaginal fluid, is known to be related to prognosis in several solid tumors. We investigated the prognostic significance of KLK5 in uterine cervical cancer using tumor tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry staining. Methods: We analyzed samples of 165 patients with uterine cervical cancer who received definitive radiation therapy between 2004 and 2012. We divided patients into two groups stratified by their KLK5 activity by immunohistochemistry staining: negative/weak (0-1+) (n=120 patients) and moderate/strong (2-3+) group (n=45 patients). Patient and tumor characteristics, patterns of failure, and survival outcomes were compared. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors. Results: Patients with KLK5 2-3+ were younger (median: 52 vs. 60 years) and had frequent paraaortic lymph node involvement (40.0% vs. 18.3%) than those with KLK5 0-1+. With a median follow-up of 60.8 (interquartile range, 47.5-77.9) months, patients with KLK5 2-3+ had inferior 5-year locoregional recurrence-free survival and distant metastasis-free survival of 61.7% (vs. 77.5% in KLK5 0-1+ group) and 59.4% (vs. 72.8% in the KLK5 0-1+ group), respectively (all p<0.05). KLK5 2-3+ expression retained its significance after adjusting for other well-known prognostic factors of tumor size and stage in multivariable analysis. Conclusions: KLK5 overexpression is associated with the aggressiveness of cervical cancer and may underlie the diminished response to conventional treatments. Therefore, KLK5 could be a reliable prognostic factor in cervical cancer.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Nalee(김나리) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4742-2772
Kim, Yong Bae(김용배) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7573-6862
Chang, Jee Suk(장지석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7685-3382
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