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Three-dimensional evaluation of the correlation between lip canting and craniofacial planes

 Jun-Young Kim  ;  Hee-Keun Park  ;  Seung-Woo Shin  ;  Jin Hoo Park  ;  Hwi-Dong Jung  ;  Young-Soo Jung 
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, Vol.50(4) : 258-267, 2020-07 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Facial asymmetry ; Lip canting ; Three-dimensional cephalometrics ; Three-dimensional diagnosis
Objective: This study aimed to analyze the correlation of horizontal and sagittal planes used in two-dimensional diagnosis with lip canting by using threedimensional (3D) analysis. Methods: Fifty-two patients (25 men, 27 women; average age: 24 years) undergoing treatment for dentofacial deformity were enrolled. Computed tomography images were acquired, and digital imaging and communication in medicine files were reconstructed into a 3D virtual model wherein horizontal and sagittal craniofacial planes were measured. Subsequently, the correlations of lip canting with these horizontal and sagittal planes were investigated. Results: The mandibular symmetry plane, the occlusal plane, Camper's plane, the mandibular plane, Broadbent's plane, and the nasal axis plane were correlated with the amount of lip canting (Pearson's correlation coefficients: 0.761, 0.648, 0.556, 0.526, 0.438, and 0.406, respectively). Planes associated with the lower part of the face showed the strongest correlations; the strength of the correlations decreased in the midfacial and cranial regions. None of the planes showed statistically significant differences between patients with clinical lip canting (> 3°) and those without prominent lip canting. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that lip canting is strongly correlated with the mandibular symmetry plane, which includes menton deviation. This finding may have clinical implications with regard to the treatment of patients requiring correction of lip canting. Further studies are necessary for evaluating changes in lip canting after orthognathic surgery.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jun-Young(김준영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6596-6135
Park, Jin Hoo(박진후) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2337-9554
Jung, Young Soo(정영수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5831-6508
Jung, Hwi Dong(정휘동) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1025-8323
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