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Survival With Lenvatinib for the Treatment of Progressive Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer: A Single-Center, Retrospective Analysis

 Soo Young Kim  ;  Seok-Mo Kim  ;  Jun Won Kim  ;  Ik Jae Lee  ;  Tae Joo Jeon  ;  Hojin Chang  ;  Bup-Woo Kim  ;  Yong Sang Lee  ;  Hang-Seok Chang  ;  Cheong Soo Park 
 FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY, Vol.11 : 599, 2020-09 
Journal Title
Issue Date
anaplastic thyroid cancer ; lenvatinib ; retrospective study ; thyroid carcinoma ; tyrosine kinase inhibitor
Background: Survival rates for anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) have not improved in the past four decades; however, preliminary clinical data indicate that lenvatinib may provide efficacy benefits for patients with ATC. This real-world study aimed to define the potential role of lenvatinib in ATC by examining the impact of treatment administered alongside existing therapies. Methods: This was a retrospective, single-center analysis of Korean patients with confirmed ATC who received lenvatinib between October 2015 and February 2018. Eighteen patients were included (mean ± standard deviation age, 64.9 ± 11.1 years; 61.1% female). Six [33.3%] had resectable disease that progressed after a combination of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, and 12 [66.7%] had unresectable disease that progressed after radiation treatment and chemotherapy. Study endpoints were overall survival (OS) and change in volume of the largest tumor assessed via imaging. Results: Median OS for the 18 lenvatinib-treated patients was 230 days (range 64-839 days). Survival rates at 6 months and 1 year were 61.1 and 22.2%, respectively. Three patients (16.7%) survived beyond 1 year; 15 patients died, of whom four (26.7%) had local disease and 11 (73.3%) had distant metastasis. Two patients (11.1%) had tumor volume increases of 9-10%. The other 16 patients (88.9%) had tumor volume reductions of 2-69%. Six patients (33.3%) had tumor volume reductions ≥50%. Conclusions: In patients with ATC who had progressed on prior therapy, addition of lenvatinib could improve survival duration and reduce tumor volume. Further studies of lenvatinib in ATC are warranted.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Bup Woo(김법우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1342-9055
Kim, Seok Mo(김석모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8070-0573
Kim, Soo Young(김수영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8919-3456
Kim, Jun Won(김준원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1358-364X
Park, Cheong Soo(박정수)
Lee, Yong Sang(이용상) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8234-8718
Lee, Ik Jae(이익재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7165-3373
Chang, Hang Seok(장항석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5162-103X
Chang, Ho Jin(장호진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8940-3484
Jeon, Tae Joo(전태주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7574-6734
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