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담낭 용종의 진단, 치료 및 추적 관찰의 최신 지견

Other Titles
 Recent Updates on Diagnosis, Treatment, and Follow-up of Gallbladder Polyps 
 장성일  ;  조재희  ;  이동기 
 Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Vol.76(3) : 102-107, 2020-09 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Gastroenterology 
Issue Date
Diagnosis ; Gallbladder diseases ; Gallbladder neoplasms ; Gallbladder polyp ; Therapy
A gallbladder (GB) polyp is an elevation of the GB mucosa that protrudes into the GB lumen. GB polyps have an estimated prevalence of 0.3-9.5% and can be divided into neoplastic (true) polyps and nonneoplastic polyps (pseudopolyps). Pseudopolyps are most commonly cholesterol polyps but also include focal adenomyomatosis and inflammatory polyps with no malignant potential. Neoplastic polyps, however, can be benign or malignant. Benign polyps are most commonly adenomas, while malignant polyps are usually adenocarcinoma. Transabdominal ultrasonography is the main radiological modality used for diagnosing and surveilling GB polyps. On the other hand, because it is difficult to diagnose GB polyps before surgery, alternative imaging modalities, such as endoscopic ultrasound, are being further evaluated. The current guidelines recommend cholecystectomy for GB polyps ≥ 10 mm in size as well as suboptimal sized GB polyps (6-9 mm) with other risk factors, including age >50, sessile, and symptoms. The quality of the evidence behind this practice is relatively low. Therefore, this review identifies the current gaps in the available evidence and guidelines and introduces methods that can help make decisions regarding patients who require a cholecystectomy or follow-up.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Dong Ki(이동기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0048-9112
Jang, Sung Ill(장성일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4937-6167
Cho, Jae Hee(조재희)
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