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Association between relative hand-grip strength and chronic cardiometabolic and musculoskeletal diseases in Koreans: A cross-sectional study

Authors
 Yoo Mee Kim  ;  Sunghoon Kim  ;  Jaehyun Bae  ;  Se Hwa Kim  ;  Young Jun Won 
Citation
 ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS, Vol.92 : 104181, 2020-07 
Journal Title
 ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS 
ISSN
 0167-4943 
Issue Date
2020-07
Keywords
Chronic cardiometabolic disease ; Chronic musculoskeletal disease ; Insulin resistance ; Muscle strength ; Relative hand-grip strength
Abstract
Objectives: This study evaluated clinical and cardiometabolic markers associated with relative hand-grip strength (HGS), and investigated odds ratios (ORs) for chronic cardiometabolic and musculoskeletal diseases according to relative HGS. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study enrolled subjects from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey who were 50 years and older (N = 2451). Information on chronic diseases was taken by individual surveys and other proper criteria were applied for undiagnosed subjects. Absolute HGS was calculated from the maximal bilateral HGS (kg) as measured by a dynamometer and relative HGS was calculated by dividing absolute HGS by body mass index (BMI). Associated clinical and cardiometabolic markers to relative HGS were investigated and ORs for chronic diseases according to relative HGS tertiles were estimated from multivariate linear or logistic regression analyses. Results: The mean relative HGS (kg/BMI) was 3.1 ± 0.6 for men and 1.9 ± 0.5 for women. Insulin-resistance parameters and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were negatively and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was positively related with relative HGS in both sexes adjusting for age and lifestyle factors, while systolic blood pressure showed negative relationship in women. High ORs for various chronic diseases were observed in the lowest relative HGS tertile of both sexes, but high OR for hyperlipidemia was observed only in women. Conclusions: Relative HGS is a convenient measure for overall muscle strength according to body size and may have an influence on chronic disease development or aggravation. Thus, relative HGS might be a cost-effective and useful tool to screen for prevalent chronic diseases in elderly population.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167494320301758
DOI
10.1016/j.archger.2020.104181
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology (산부인과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sung Hoon(김성훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1645-7473
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/180063
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