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Dysautonomia Is Linked to Striatal Dopamine Deficits and Regional Cerebral Perfusion in Early Parkinson Disease

 Hae-Won Shin  ;  Seok Jong Chung  ;  Sangwon Lee  ;  Jungho Cha  ;  Young H Sohn  ;  Mijin Yun  ;  Phil Hyu Lee 
 CLINICAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE, Vol.45(8) : e342-e348, 2020-08 
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between autonomic dysfunction and striatal dopamine depletion or metabolic changes in de novo Parkinson disease (PD).

Methods: Based on the Composite Autonomic Severity Score (CASS), patients with de novo PD were classified into PD with (PD-AUT+) and without autonomic dysfunction (PD-AUT-) groups. We compared the dopamine transporter (DAT) availability in the striatum by quantitatively measuring F-FP-CIT PET between both groups. We also assessed the association between DAT availability and the CASS. In addition, we compared regional uptake in early-phase images of F-FP-CIT PET as well as cortical thickness between the PD-AUT+ and PD-AUT- groups.

Results: The PD-AUT+ group had significantly lower DAT availability in all striatal subregions than did the PD-AUT- group. The total CASS was significantly correlated with DAT availability in all striatal subregions. In addition, the subscores of the adrenergic component were correlated with DAT availability in all striatal subregions. The subscores of the cardiovagal component were negatively correlated with DAT availability in the caudate and ventral striatum. In early-phase F-FP-CIT PET, the PD-AUT+ group exhibited decreased regional perfusion in the parieto-occipital areas and increased regional perfusion in the pallidothalamic, pontocerebellar, inferior frontal, and primary motor areas compared with the PD-AUT- group. There were no regions of different cortical thickness between the PD groups.

Conclusions: The present study revealed that autonomic dysfunction is closely linked to striatal dopamine depletion and prominent PD-related perfusion patterns in de novo PD, suggesting a greater pathological burden in patients with dysautonomia.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Sohn, Young Ho(손영호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6533-2610
Yun, Mijin(윤미진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1712-163X
Lee, Phil Hyu(이필휴) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9931-8462
Chung, Seok Jong(정석종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6086-3199
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