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Usefulness of intraductal RFA in patients with malignant biliary obstruction

 Sung Yong Han  ;  Dong Uk Kim  ;  Dae Hwan Kang  ;  Dong Hoon Baek  ;  Tae Hoon Lee  ;  Jae Hee Cho 
 MEDICINE, Vol.99(33) : e21724, 2020-08 
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Background/aims: Intraductal radiofrequency ablation (ID-RFA) is a novel therapy for unresectable malignant biliary obstructions. ID-RFA for perihilar lesions is associated with a high risk of adverse events. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of temperature-controlled ID-RFA for perihilar malignant biliary obstruction. Methods: Sixteen patients with pathologically proven perihilar cholangiocarcinoma were prospectively enrolled to evaluate the feasibility of hilar ID-RFA. Clinical efficacy and outcomes were subsequently evaluated in a multicenter retrospective cohort. Results: Nine of the 16 patients in the prospective cohort had Bismuth type IV and 7 had type IIIA perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. The median length of stricture was 34.5 mm. The median number of ID-RFA sessions was three, and all sessions were technically and functionally successful without severe adverse events. Clinical outcomes were assessed using a multicenter hilar ID-RFA cohort of 21 patients; the median stent patency and overall survival were 90 days (range: 35-483 days) and 147 days (range: 92-487 days), respectively. An approximate 16-month patency of the bile duct was maintained in one patient who had an intraductal growth pattern. In a comparison of the self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) and plastic stent (PS) after hilar ID-RFA, no differences in stent patency (89 vs 90.5 days, respectively; P = .912) and adverse events (20.0% vs 10%, respectively; P = .739) were observed. Conclusions: ID-RFA at 7 W for 120 seconds is safe and feasible in patients with advanced perihilar cholangiocarcinoma. After ID-RFA, SEMS and PS placement showed comparable patency and survival rates. Trial registration number: KCT0003223.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Cho, Jae Hee(조재희)
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