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Hepatic fibrosis is associated with total proteinuria in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes

Authors
 Eugene Han  ;  Yongin Cho  ;  Kyung-Won Kim  ;  Yong-Ho Lee  ;  Eun Seok Kang  ;  Bong-Soo Cha  ;  Byung-Wan Lee 
Citation
 MEDICINE, Vol.99(33) : e21038, 2020-08 
Journal Title
 MEDICINE 
ISSN
 0025-7974 
Issue Date
2020-08
Abstract
The association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and diabetic kidney disease assessed using either albuminuria or proteinuria remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the association between hepatic steatosis or fibrosis and albuminuria or proteinuria in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D).We enrolled 1108 patients with T2D and categorized as 3 groups; non-proteinuria (NP), isolated non-albumin proteinuria (iNAP), and albuminuria. Urinary albumin and protein levels were assessed as urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (uACR) and urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio (uPCR), respectively. Hepatic steatosis and fibrotic burden were assessed using the NAFLD liver fat score, Fibrosis-4 calculator (FIB-4) index, and NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS).The prevalence of significant steatosis was similar among groups (NP: 74.6% vs iNAP: 70.3% vs albuminuria: 79.9%, P = .085). The prevalence of significant fibrosis was significantly higher in the iNAP (18.7%) and albuminuria (16.5%) groups than in the NP group (9.5%, P = .001). Both uPCR and uACR showed a correlation with NFS (uPCR: r = 0.123, P < .001; uACR: r = 0.064, P = .033). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, uPCR ≥150 mg/g was found to have a stronger association with hepatic fibrosis than uACR ≥30 mg/g (adjusted odds ratio 1.55 [95% CI 1.03-2.33] vs adjusted odds ratio 1.16 [95% CI, 0.72-1.87]).In conclusion, patients with iNAP and albuminuria had a higher prevalence of hepatic fibrosis than those without proteinuria. Total proteinuria was associated with advanced liver fibrosis, whereas albuminuria was related to hepatic steatosis.
Files in This Item:
T202003389.pdf Download
DOI
10.1097/MD.0000000000021038
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Eun Seok(강은석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0364-4675
Kim, Kyung-Won(김경원)
Lee, Byung Wan(이병완) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9899-4992
Lee, Yong Ho(이용호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6219-4942
Cha, Bong Soo(차봉수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0542-2854
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/179623
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