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SPON2 Is Upregulated through Notch Signaling Pathway and Promotes Tumor Progression in Gastric Cancer

 Hyeon-Gu Kang  ;  Won-Jin Kim  ;  Myung-Giun Noh  ;  Kyung-Hee Chun  ;  Seok-Jun Kim 
 CANCERS, Vol.12(6) : 1439, 2020-06 
Journal Title
Issue Date
cancer progression ; gastric cancer ; notch signaling ; spondin-2 (SPON2)
Spondin-2 (SPON2) is involved in cancer progression and metastasis of many tumors; however, its role and underlying mechanism in gastric cancer are still obscure. In this study, we investigated the role of SPON2 and related signaling pathway in gastric cancer progression and metastasis. SPON2 expression levels were found to be upregulated in gastric cancer cell lines and patient tissues compared to normal gastric epithelial cells and normal controls. Furthermore, SPON2 silencing was observed to decrease cell proliferation and motility and reduce tumor growth in xenograft mice. Conversely, SPON2 overexpression was found to increase cell proliferation and motility. Subsequently, we focused on regulatory mechanism of SPON2 in gastric cancer. cDNA microarray and in vitro study showed that Notch signaling is significantly correlated to SPON2 expression. Therefore, we confirmed how Notch signaling pathway regulate SPON2 expression using Notch signaling-related transcription factor interaction and reporter gene assay. Additionally, activation of Notch signaling was observed to increase cell proliferation, migration, and invasion through SPON2 expression. Our study demonstrated that Notch signaling-mediated SPON2 upregulation is associated with aggressive progression of gastric cancer. In conclusion, we suggest upregulated SPON2 via Notch signaling as a potential target gene to inhibit gastric cancer progression.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (생화학-분자생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chun, Kyung Hee(전경희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9867-7321
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