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Patterns of Antiplatelet Therapy During Noncardiac Surgery in Patients With Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents

Authors
 Choongki Kim  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Hyeongsoo Kim  ;  Sung Gyun Ahn  ;  Sungsoo Cho  ;  Oh-Hyun Lee  ;  Jong-Kwan Park  ;  Sanghoon Shin  ;  Jae Youn Moon  ;  Hoyoun Won  ;  Yongsung Suh  ;  Jung Rae Cho  ;  Yun-Hyeong Cho  ;  Seung-Jin Oh  ;  Byoung-Kwon Lee  ;  Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Dong-Ho Shin  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Yangsoo Jang 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION, Vol.9(11) : e016218, 2020-06 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION 
Issue Date
2020-06
Keywords
antiplatelet agent ; stent ; surgery
Abstract
Background Continuing antiplatelet therapy (APT) has been generally recommended during noncardiac surgery, but it is uncertain if preoperative discontinuation of APT has been avoided or harmful in patients with second-generation drug-eluting coronary stents. Methods and Results Patients undergoing noncardiac surgery after second-generation drug-eluting coronary stent implantation were assessed in a multicenter cohort in Korea. Net adverse clinical events within 30 days postoperatively, defined as all-cause death, major adverse cardiac events, and major bleeding, were evaluated. Of 3582 eligible patients, 49% patients discontinued APT during noncardiac surgery. The incidence of net adverse clinical events was comparable between patients with continuation versus discontinuation (4.1% versus 3.4%; P=0.257) of APT during noncardiac surgery. Perioperative discontinuation of APT did not impact on net adverse clinical events (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.00; 95% CI, 0.69-1.44; P=0.995). In subgroup analysis, patients undergoing intra-abdominal surgery were exposed to less risk of major bleeding by discontinuing APT (adjusted HR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.08-0.91; P=0.035). Prolonged discontinuation of APT for ≥9 days was associated with higher risk of a major adverse cardiac event compared with continuing APT (adjusted HR, 3.38; 95% CI, 1.36-8.38; P=0.009). Conclusions APT was discontinued preoperatively in almost half of patients with second-generation drug-eluting coronary stents. Our explorative analysis showed that there was no significant impact of discontinuing APT on the risk of perioperative adverse events except that discontinuing APT may be associated with decreased hemorrhagic risk in patients undergoing intra-abdominal surgery. Registration URL: https://www.clini​caltr​ials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03908463.
Files in This Item:
T202001906.pdf Download
DOI
10.1161/JAHA.119.016218
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Kim, Hyeongsoo(김형수)
Shin, Dong Ho(신동호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7874-5542
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Lee, Byoung Kwon(이병권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9259-2776
Lee, Oh Hyun(이오현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7070-7720
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/179313
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