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How the Bidi Tobacco Industry Harms Child-workers: Results From a Walk-through and Quantitative Survey

Authors
 Jihyun Kim  ;  Sohel Rana  ;  Wanhyung Lee  ;  Syed Emdad Haque  ;  Jin-Ha Yoon 
Citation
 SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK, Vol.11(2) : 143-151, 2020-06 
Journal Title
 SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK 
ISSN
 2093-7911 
Issue Date
2020-06
Keywords
Child ; Child health ; Child-workers
Abstract
Objective: Bidi is an inexpensive, low-processed, hand-rolled tobacco product. In Bangladesh, especially in Rangpur, tobacco farming and bidi processing are common. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of bidi making on children working in bidi factories. Methods: This qualitative(walk-through survey) and quantitative(questionnaire-based survey and a urine cotinine level quantitation) study was conducted in Rangpur, Bangladesh in 2017. Study population included child-workers aged ≤14 years who were regularly employed as bidi makers. Findings: The results of the walk-through survey revealed hazardous working environments at bidi factories. For the quantitative survey, 171 child-workers were categorized into "less-working"(<5 hours/day) and "more-working"(≥5 hours/day) groups; additionally, "forced-working"(forced into work by parents) and "voluntary-working"(working voluntarily) groups were delineated within the same population. In the logistic regression analysis, odds ratios(ORs) of respiratory symptoms and unusual absence(absent ≥5 days/month) were higher in the "more-working" group than in the "less-working" group(unusual absence: OR, 2.91; 95% confidence interval[CI], 1.43-5.94), and this association became higher in the "forced-working" group with longer working hours(OR, 5.68, 95%CI 2.30-14.00). Conclusions: Cheap, hand-rolled tobacco(bidi) is harmful to the health of bidi-making child-workers. Children in poverty bow to the demands of cheap labor and poverty and jeopardize their health and future prospects by working in bidi factories. Tobacco control policies should consider the social effects of tobacco beyond its biological effects.
Files in This Item:
T202002268.pdf Download
DOI
10.1016/j.shaw.2020.02.002
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yoon, Jin Ha(윤진하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4198-2955
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/179297
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