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Handgrip Strength Among Korean Adolescents With Metabolic Syndrome in 2014–2015

Authors
 Yunkoo Kang  ;  Sowon Park  ;  Seung Kim  ;  Hong Koh 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL DENSITOMETRY, Vol.23(2) : 271-277, 2020-04 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL DENSITOMETRY 
ISSN
 1094-6950 
Issue Date
2020-04
Keywords
Adolescents ; Korea ; metabolic syndrome
Abstract
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide in adolescents. Metabolic syndrome is a systemic disease that is likely to be associated with other diseases. Studies have shown a relationship between muscle strength, muscle quality, and metabolic syndrome. Handgrip strength is known as a simple tool to measure muscle strength. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the relationship between handgrip strength and metabolic syndrome and each metabolic syndrome features in adolescents. Data were obtained from 1050 adolescents (574 boys, 476 girls; age 10–18 years) who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We used the International Diabetes Federation metabolic syndrome guideline and National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III guideline for children to define metabolic syndrome. The highest handgrip strength for both hands was recorded. Handgrip strength was also divided by the participants’ own weight (handgrip-to-weight ratio). Adolescents with metabolic syndrome defined by each guideline have higher handgrip strength (p < 0.05). When handgrip strength was divided with participants’ own body weight (handgrip-to-weight ratio), values were decreased in participants with metabolic syndrome (p < 0.05). The male participants tend to have higher handgrip-to-weight ratio than female. However, the handgrip-to-weight ratio was found to be decreased regardless of gender when the metabolic syndrome feature was present. This study shows that handgrip strength is associated with metabolic syndrome in adolescents. This is the first study to compare handgrip strength and metabolic syndrome in Korean adolescents. Given that handgrip strength is associated with metabolic syndrome in adolescents, it can be a diagnostic modality to easily identify the patients’ current state in the clinic.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1094695018301550
DOI
10.1016/j.jocd.2018.09.002
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Yunkoo(강윤구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1712-2138
Koh, Hong(고홍) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3660-7483
Kim, Seung(김승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4373-9828
Park, So Won(박소원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2498-8004
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/179149
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