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Identifying the Functional Brain Network of Motor Reserve in Early Parkinson's Disease

Other Titles
 Identifying the Functional Brain Network of Motor Reserve in Early Parkinson's Disease 
 Seok Jong Chung  ;  Hang-Rai Kim  ;  Jin Ho Jung  ;  Phil Hyu Lee  ;  Yong Jeong  ;  Young H Sohn 
 MOVEMENT DISORDERS, Vol.35(4) : 577-586, 2020-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Parkinson's disease ; dopamine transporter ; functional connectivity ; motor reserve ; network-based statistic
Background: The severity of motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD) does not always correlate with the degree of nigral dopaminergic neuronal loss. Individuals with greater motor reserve may have milder motor signs than their striatal dopamine loss. In this study, we explored the functional brain network associated with motor reserve in early-stage PD.

Methods: We analyzed 134 patients with de novo PD who underwent dopamine transporter scans and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. We estimated individual motor reserve based on initial motor deficits and striatal dopamine depletion using a residual model. We applied network-based statistic analysis to identify the functional brain network associated with the measure of motor reserve (ie, motor reserve network). We also assessed the effect of motor reserve network connectivity strength on the longitudinal increase in levodopa-equivalent dose during the 2-year follow-up period.

Results: Network-based statistic analysis identified the motor reserve network composed of the basal ganglia, inferior frontal cortex, insula, and cerebellar vermis at a primary threshold of P value 0.001. Patients with an increased degree of functional connectivity within the motor reserve network had greater motor reserve. There was a significant interaction between the motor reserve network strength and time in the linear mixed model, indicating that higher motor reserve network strength was associated with slower longitudinal increase in levodopa-equivalent dose.

Conclusions: The present study revealed the functional brain network associated with motor reserve in patients with early-stage PD. Functional connections within the motor reserve network are associated with the individual's capacity to cope with PD-related pathologies. © 2020 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Sohn, Young Ho(손영호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6533-2610
Lee, Phil Hyu(이필휴) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9931-8462
Chung, Seok Jong(정석종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6086-3199
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