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Participation in Physical, Social, and Religious Activity and Risk of Depression in the Elderly: A Community-Based Three-Year Longitudinal Study in Korea

Authors
 Hyun Woong Roh  ;  Chang Hyung Hong  ;  Yunhwan Lee  ;  Byoung Hoon Oh  ;  Kang Soo Lee  ;  Ki Jung Chang  ;  Dae Ryong Kang  ;  Jinhee Kim  ;  SooJin Lee  ;  Joung Hwan Back  ;  Young Ki Chung  ;  Ki Young Lim  ;  Jai Sung Noh  ;  Dongsoo Kim  ;  Sang Joon Son 
Citation
 PLOS ONE, Vol.10(7) : e0132838, 2015-07 
Journal Title
 PLOS ONE 
Issue Date
2015-07
MeSH
Aged ; Depression / etiology* ; Depressive Disorder / etiology* ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Motor Activity / physiology* ; Religion ; Republic of Korea ; Residence Characteristics ; Risk ; Social Support ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
Background: We examined the longitudinal association between participation in individual or combinations of physical, social, and religious activity and risk of depression in the elderly. Methods: Elderly subjects aged ≥ 60 years who completed the Living Profiles of Older People Survey in Korea (n = 6,647) were included. The baseline assessment, Wave 1, was conducted in 2008, and a follow-up assessment, Wave 2, was conducted in 2011. We defined participation in frequent physical activity as ≥ 3 times weekly (at least 30 minutes per activity). Frequent participation in social and religious activity was defined as ≥ 1 activity weekly. The primary outcome was depression at 3-year follow up. Results: Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that subjects who participated in frequent physical, social, and religious activity had an adjusted odds ratio of 0.81 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.69-0.96), 0.87 (95% CI, 0.75-1.00), and 0.78 (95% CI, 0.67-0.90), respectively, compared with participants who did not participate in each activity. Participants who participated in only one type of activity frequently and participants who participated in two or three types of activities frequently had an adjusted odds ratio of 0.86 (95% CI, 0.75-0.98) and 0.64 (95% CI, 0.52-0.79), respectively, compared with participants who did not participate in any type of physical, social, and religious activity frequently. Conclusion: Participation in physical, social, and religious activity was associated with decreased risk of depression in the elderly. In addition, risk of depression was much lower in the elderly people who participated in two or three of the above-mentioned types of activity than that in the elderly who did not.
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0132838
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Oh, Byong Hoon(오병훈)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/178516
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