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Endoscopic Transorbital Surgery for Meckel's Cave and Middle Cranial Fossa Tumors: Surgical Technique and Early Results

 Chiman Jeon  ;  Chang-Ki Hong  ;  Kyung In Woo  ;  Sang Duk Hong  ;  Do-Hyun Nam  ;  Jung-Il Lee  ;  Jung Won Choi  ;  Ho Jun Seol  ;  Doo-Sik Kong 
 JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGERY, Vol.131(4) : 1126-1135, 2019-10 
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GTR = gross-total resection ; ICA = internal carotid artery ; IOF = inferior orbital fissure ; MOB = meningo-orbital band ; Meckel’s cave ; PTR = partial tumor resection ; SOF = superior orbital fissure ; STR = subtotal resection ; cavernous sinus ; eTOA = endoscopic transorbital approach ; endoscopic transorbital approach ; middle cranial fossa ; oncology ; surgical technique
OBJECTIVETumors involving Meckel's cave remain extremely challenging because of the surrounding complex neurovascular structures and deep-seated location. The authors investigated a new minimal-access technique using the endoscopic transorbital approach (eTOA) through the superior eyelid crease to Meckel's cave and middle cranial fossa lesions and reviewed the most useful surgical procedures and pitfalls of this approach.METHODSBetween September 2016 and January 2018, the authors performed eTOA in 9 patients with tumors involving Meckel's cave and the middle cranial fossa. The lesions included trigeminal schwannoma in 4 patients, meningioma in 2 patients, metastatic brain tumor in 1 patient, chondrosarcoma in 1 patient, and dermoid cyst in 1 patient. In 7 of the 9 patients, eTOA alone was performed, while the other 2 patients underwent a combined eTOA and endoscopic endonasal approach or retrosigmoid craniotomy. Data including details of surgical techniques and clinical outcomes were recorded.RESULTSGross-total resection was performed in 7 of the 9 patients (77.8%). Four patients underwent extended eTOA (with lateral orbital rim osteotomy). Drilling of the trapezoid sphenoid floor, a middle fossa "peeling" technique, and full visualization of Meckel's cave were applied to approach the lesions. Tumors were exposed and removed extradurally in 3 patients and intradurally in 6 patients. There was no postoperative CSF leak.CONCLUSIONSThe eTOA affords a direct route to access Meckel's cave and middle cranial fossa lesions. With experience, this novel approach can be successfully applied to selected skull base lesions. To achieve successful removal of the tumor, emphasis should be placed on the importance of adequately removing the greater sphenoid wing and vertical crest. However, because of limited working space eTOA may not be an ideal approach for posterior fossa lesions.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Hong, Chang Hee(홍창희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0946-7702
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