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한(恨)에 대한 정신의학적 연구

Other Titles
 A Psychiatric Study on Hahn 
 민성길  ;  이종섭  ;  한정옥 
 Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association (신경정신의학), Vol.36(4) : 603-611, 1997 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association (신경정신의학) 
Issue Date
Objective:This study aimed at identifying the etiological background, symptomatic experessions, defense styles and coping strategies related to hahn. Method:The subjects were given a questionnaire for demographic data, life experiences and psychological and physical symptoms, Bond's questionnaire of defense style, and Weisman's scale for coping strategies and scales for severity of hahn and hwabyung. The subjects were 110 normal healthy adults and 151 patients with neurotic disorders, diagnosed with ICD-9. Results:More vivid hahn was found in the married women, the less educated, and those from a low socio-economic state. In the area of etiological life experiences, hahn is significantly related with an unhappy and frustrated marital life, unsatisfactory filial piety, poor family background, poverty, little education, a hard life since childhood, betrayal, failure in business, personality problems, injustice in society and resignation to fate. Hahn, unresolved and accumulated, was believed to cause various psychological and physical illnesses. In many cases hahn was corhad been dealt with by simple suppression and being dependent on religious faith or sharing and communicating with people. More people considerd hahn as one of the etiologies of hwabyung, a chronic anger syndrome. Hahn of patients with hwabyung was more serious than that of those without hwabyung. Symptoms of hahn were-in addition to various symptoms of depression, anxiety and other neurotic conditions or somatization-a mass in the epigastrium, sighing, something pushing-up in the chest, paranoid ideas and hyprochondria sis cor hygochondriacal ideas. On the other hand, hypersensitivity and irritability were less significant. Defense styles and coping strategies related with hahn were somatization, splittingprojection, passive-aggressiveness, incorporation, primitive idealization, stimulus reduction, selfpity and sharedconcerns and dependency. Conclusion:These results suggest that hahn is an unique emotional condition which is characterized by culturerelated somatization symptoms, paranoid ideas and hypochondriasis, in addition to general neurotic symptoms such as depression and anxiety and related somatic symptoms.
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Min, Sung Kil(민성길)
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