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북한탈북자들의 남한사회 적응에 관한 연구

Other Titles
 Adjustment of North Korean Defectors in South Korea 
 전우택  ;  민성길  ;  이만홍  ;  이은설 
 Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association (신경정신의학), Vol.36(1) : 145-163, 1997 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association (신경정신의학) 
Issue Date
The authors interviewed with 21 North Korean defectors who defected from North Korea in 1990- 1995 and investigated their adjustment to South Korean society. The main categories of their problems in adjustment were a poor social network, financial difficulties, problems in social competency, problems resulting from their indoctrinated way of thinking, some psychologicaal problems such as excessiveself-consciousness and guilty feelings, and some social-structural problems such as poor education system in the government shelter. But, generally speaking, inspite of their problems, they have adjusted to South Korea society rather successfully. In the view of short term adjustment, the reasons for their success were thought to be the characteristics and merits of a capitalistic economy; their compliant personalities resulting from an educational system that emphasized obedience to authority and Kim Il Sung;and the dualism of North Korean life. Four points were discussed to assist a successful adjustment in the long term;Fostering of the ability to make individual choices with internal principles, overcoming a judgemental, moralizing attitude, overcoming of overfull thought-centered attitude and rebounding thought-lacking attitude, overcoming the effect of negative collectivism. Three things have been suggested to foster their healthy adjustment;development and running of resocialization program for the each period of settlement;building up a network of accessible support organizations who work for the adjustment of defectors;systemic studies of North Korean people and defectors for the successful adjustment to unified Korean society. It is said that the division of Korean people has been the most tragic thing happen to Korea. But there can be a greater tragedy and that would be the unification of land but not the unification of people. Failure to understand the real problems of the North Korean population can potentially produce conflicts and confusion which can only lead to further redivision and greater tragedy. It is very important to study the adjustment to problems of North Korean defectors to help prepare for the unification of the Korean people
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical Education (의학교육학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Min, Sung Kil(민성길)
Jeon, Woo Taek(전우택) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9213-6057
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