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반응성애착장애아의 어머니-아동 관계

Other Titles
 신의진  ;  이경숙  ;  박숙경 
 Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (소아청소년정신의학), Vol.8(1) : 22-33, 1997 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (소아청소년정신의학) 
Issue Date
The objective of this study is to understand disordered parent-child relationships of Reactive Attachment Disorder(RAD) systematically through the mother’s internal working model of child. In this study, RAD mothers’ internal representations of the child were compared with mothers’ of control group and association between mothers’ representation classificatons and children’s attachment classifications was examined. Also individual differences in mother-child interaction by mothers’ representation classifications was observed. The subjects of this study were 40 2-5 year-old children and their mothers, 20 attachment disordered dyads and 20 normal dyads of control group. Mothers were interviewed using the Working Model of the Child(Zeanah, Benoit & Barton 1986) to classify internal representations of child. Children’s attachment patterns were assessed by the Strange Situation Procedure. For observation of motherchild interaction, Each dyad was seen in DPICS devised by Eyberg and Robinson(1983). The results of the study were as follows: 1) Among RAD group, 55% of mothers were classified as disengaged and 45% classified as distorted, while all mothers of control group were classified as balanced. In rating scales, there were significant differences in all 3 representation classifications in Intensity of involvement and Coherence. In Intensity of involvement disengaged representations had the lowest score and distorted representations had the lowest score in Coherence. 2) Mothers’ representation classifications were related to children’s attachment classifications. All mothers of control group whose children were classified as secure were classified as balanced. Among RAD’s mothers, by contrast, 82% of mothers classified as disengaged had children classified as anxious-avoidant, 56% of mothers classified as distorted had children classified as disorganized / disoriented and 33% of mothers classified as distorted had children classified as anxious-resistant. 3) There were individual differences in mother-child interactions by mothers’ representation classifications. In the child-centered play, mothers classified as disengaged used discriptive statement, reflective statement and discriptive-reflective question less than balanced mothers. Mothers classified as distorted used direct command and indirect command more than balanced mothers. In the clean-up task, mothers classified as disengaged and distorted used direct command and indirect command more than balanced mothers. The results of this study suggest that parents’ working model of the child is an important factor to understand parent-child attachment relationships and their interactions. The understanding of parents’ working model of the child is thought to enrich our understanding of disordered parent-child relationships and to provide useful informations for specific and successful treatments.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Yee Jin(신의진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8573-4342
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