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Perfusion Impairment in Infantile Autism on Brain SPECT Using Tc-99m ECD : Comparison with MR Findings

Other Titles
 유아 자폐증 환아에서의 Tc-99m ECD를 이용한 뇌 단일 광전자 방출 전산화 단층 촬영술상의 관류 저하: 자기 공명 영상과의 비교 분석 
 Young Hoon Ryu  ;  Jong Doo Lee  ;  Pyeong Ho Yoon  ;  Dong Ik Kim  ;  Young Taik Oh  ;  Sun Ah Lee  ;  Ho Bun Lee  ;  Yee Jin Shin  ;  Byung Hee Lee 
 Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine (대한핵의학회지), Vol.31(3) : 320-329, 1997 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine (대한핵의학회지) 
Issue Date
Neuroanatomic substrate of autism has been the subjects of continuing investigation. Because previous studies had not demonstrated consistent and specific neuroimaging findings in autism and most studies comprised adults and school-aged children, we performed a retrospective review in search of common functional and anatomical abnormalities with brain SPECT using Tc-99m ECD and correlative MRI The patient population was composed of 18 children aged 28 to 89 months(mean age : 55 months) who met the diagnostic criteria of autism as defined in the DSM-IV and CARS. Brain SPECT was performed after intravenous injection of 185-370MBq of Tc-99m ECD using brain dedicated annular crystal gamma camera. MRI was performed in all patients including T1, T2 axial and T1 sagittal sequences. SPECT data were visually assessed. Thirteen patients had abnormal SPECT scan revealing focal areas of decreased perfusion. Decreased perfusion of cerebellar vermis(12/18), cerebellar hemisphere(11/18), thalami(13/18), basal ganglia(4/18), posterior parietal(7/18), and temporal(4/18) area were noted on brain SPECT. Whereas, only 3 patients had abnormal MR findings which were subtle volume loss of parieto-occipital white matter in 3 and mild thinning of posterior body of corpus callosum in 2 and slightly decreased volume of cerebellar vermis in 1. Comparison of the numbers of abnormal findings revealed that regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) abnormalities seen on SPECT were more numerous than anatomical abnormalities seen on MRI. In conclusion, extensive perfusion impairment involving cerebellum, thalami and parietal lobe were found in this study. SPECT may be more sensitive in reflecting pathophysiology of autism than MRI. However, further studies are mandatory to determine the significance of thalamic and parietal perfusion impairment in autism.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ryu, Young Hoon(유영훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9000-5563
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