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임상검체에서 분리된 extended-spectrum β-lactam 항균제 분해 Klebsiella pneumoniae와 Escherichia coli의 성상

Other Titles
 Characteristics of Extended-spectrum β-lactam Hydrolyzing Activity of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli Strains Isolated from Clinical Specimens 
Authors
 정윤섭  ;  이경원  ;  오까모도 료이찌  ;  이노우에 마쓰히사 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Infectious Diseases (감염), Vol.29(6) : 477-485, 1997 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Infectious Diseases (감염) 
ISSN
 0368-6221 
Issue Date
1997
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Increase in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates with extended- spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) have been noted recently in Korea. Current NCCLS disk diffusion test is not sensitive to detect ESBL-producing strains. We have more isolates with intermediate or resistance to cefotaxime than to ceftazidime disk test. The aim of this study was to characterize the ESBLs produced by strains isolated from clinical specimens. METHODS: E. coli and K. pneumoniae strains with cefotaxime intermediate or resistance by disk method were tested for ESBL production by double-disk synergy, transfer of resistance by conjugation, and relative hydrolysis of beta-lactams and isoelectric point (pI) of cell sonicate. The types of beta-lactamase gene were determined by PCR. RESULTS: Nine of the 10 E. coli and all of the 18 K. pneumoniae strains tested were synergy test positive. The MIC of cefotaxime ranged from 1.5 to 400microgram/mL, with the inoculum of 10(4) CFU, but was much higher with larger inoculum. Some selected isolates showed that the resistance was transferable and the size of the plasmid was approximately 39 MDa. The MIC of cefotaxime was higher than that of was ceftazidime in majority of the transconjugants. The hydrolytic activity of the sonicate higher for cefotaxime than ceftazidime. TEM- and SHV-type genes were detected by PCR and the pI of the beta-lactamase was 5.9 for 4 TEM-type and 7.8 for one SHV-type. CONCLUSION: Majority of the cefotaxime intermediate or resistant E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolated from the tertiary care hospital are TEM- or SHV- type ESBL producers. The inoculum size significantly affects the MIC value of beta-lactams for the ESBL-producing strains. The ESBL hydrolyzes cefotaxime more actively than ceftazidime, and the ESBL gene is transferable by conjugation.
Files in This Item:
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Kyungwon(이경원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3788-2134
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/177472
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