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Eight-year experience of malignant lymphoma-survival and prognostic factors-

 Jee Sook Hahn  ;  Seok Lee  ;  So Young Chong  ;  Yoo Hong Min  ;  Yun Woong Ko 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.38(5) : 270-284, 1997 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Female ; Humans ; Lymphoma/pathology* ; Lymphoma/therapy* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prognosis ; Survival Analysis ; Treatment Outcome
Several reports have suggested a geographic difference in the histopathologic characteristics and prognosis of malignant lymphoma around the world. We tried to evaluate the clinical and histopathologic characteristics, therapeutic outcomes, and prognostic features of malignant lymphoma, particularly in Korean patients. Three hundred and seventy-six adult patients with the initial histopathologic diagnosis of malignant lymphoma of Yonsei University College of Medicine over an 8-year period were analyzed, retrospectively, with the following results: 1) There were 47 cases of Hodgkin's disease (HD) (12.5%) and 329 of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) (87.5%) with a 1:7 ratio. The most common histopathologic subtype of HD was mixed cellularity (44.7%), and that of NHL was intermediate grade (70.8%), especially diffuse large-cell type (44.1%), whereas follicular type was less common. In regard to the incidence of extranodal presentation, it is rare in HD (4.2%), but occurs in 49.8% of patients with NHL. 2) The complete remission (CR) rate was 91.5% in HD and 63.6% in NHL, and the 5-year and 7-year disease-free survival rates were 71.3% and 57.0% in HD; 67.0% and 49.6% in NHL. The 5-year and 8-year overall survival rates were 90.7% and 68.0% in HD; 65.2% and 60.2% in NHL. 3) By multivariate analysis, we found that age, performance status, histopathologic grade, stage, serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and beta 2-microglobulin were the useful prognostic factors in predicting survival in NHL, while no definite prognostic factors were found in HD. Also, in NHL patients less than 60 years old, stage, serum LDH, and histopathologic grade were closely associated with their therapeutic outcomes. In conclusion, the characteristics of malignant lymphoma in our hospital differ from those in Western countries with respect to the clinical, histopathologic and immunophenotypic patterns, but the prognostic factors and overall therapeutic outcomes were quite comparable to those of other reports from Western countries.
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Yonsei Authors
Min, Yoo Hong(민유홍) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8542-9583
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