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Delayed Activation-Induced T Lymphocytes Death in Aplastic Anemia: Related with Abnormal Fas System

Authors
 Seong-Cheol Kim  ;  Yoo-Hong Min  ;  Seok Lee  ;  So-Young Chung  ;  Nae-Choon Yoo  ;  Jung-Woon Lee  ;  Jee-Sook Hahn  ;  Yun-Woong Ko 
Citation
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, Vol.13(1) : 41-46, 1998 
Journal Title
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE 
ISSN
 1226-3303 
Issue Date
1998
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To quantitate apoptosis and Fas antigen expression of T lymphocytes by activation in aplastic anemia (AA) and compare with that of normal controls and completely-recovered AA, and to investigate the apoptotic sensitivity to anti-fas antibody of activated T lymphocytes in AA. METHODS: We studied the expression of Fas antigen on fresh T lymphocytes of twenty patients with AA [13 newly diagnosed, 7 recorvered AA after immunosuppressive therapy (IST)], and investigated the activation-induced cell death (AICD) and Fas expression by activation [interleukin-2 (200 U/ml) and phytohemagglutinin (50 micrograms/ml)] in 5 newly-diagnosed AA, 5 normal controls and 5 AA in complete response (CR). Apoptotic sensitivity to anti-Fas antibody was assessed by the time-course kinetics of induction of cell death by anti-Fas antibody (500 ng/ml). RESULTS: There was no significant difference of Fas antigen expression on freshly-isolated T lymphocytes among newly-diagnosed severe AA, normal control s and patients with AA in CR after IST. In normal controls, T lymphocytes death was greatly increased at 3 days of activation, and Fas antigen expression on T lymphocytes was increased above baseline at day 1 of activation. In contrast, in newly-diagnosed AA, T lymphocytes showed delayed cell death, which correlated with a slowed increase of Fas antigen expression by activation. Also, anti-Fa s antibody sensitivity of activated T lymphocytes was decreased in newly-diagnosed AA. In completely recovered AA, these abnormal AICD and Fas antigen expressions by activation were recovered to normal range. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal AICD plays a role in the immune pathophysiology of AA, and defective Fas system is involved in this process.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Min, Yoo Hong(민유홍) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8542-9583
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/177125
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