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성장과정에 따른 면역글로블린 K 경쇄 제3상 보성결정부위 아미노산 길이의 다양성

Other Titles
 Length diversity in CDR3 Domain of Immunoglobulin Kappa Chain during the Human Development 
 이지수  ;  이수곤  ;  이찬희  ;  송창호 
 Korean Journal of Immunology (대한면역학회지), Vol.20(3) : 309-316, 1998 
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Immunology(대한면역학회지)
Issue Date
The third complementarity determining region (CDR3) of the immunoglobin (Ig) kappa (к) chain is known to be located at the center of antigen binding groove and critical for antibody specificity. Ig к chain has been characterized by limited junctional diversity due to the absence of N-region addition resulting in relative conservation of CDR3 lengths with 9 or 10 amino acids. CDR3 region of 11 amino acids is only possible with N-region addition. Recently, к transcripts with 11 amino acids CDR3 was found to be expressed in normal individuals, and in autoimmune disease such as rhuematoid arthritis, the fraction of 11 amino acids CDR3 of humkv325-derived к chains was overexpressed compared to conventional adult peripheral B cells. However, the significance of this bias is difficult to interpret without a clear understanding of normal repertoire of CDR3 length during development. The purpose of this study is to determine whether developmental regulation of CDR3 amino acids codon lengths exists in к chains expressed in the fetal liver, cord blood and adult peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). Lymphocytes were seperated from fetal liver, cord blood and adult PBL and cDNA was generated from extracted mRNA. PCR-based CDR3 finger-printing assay was performed with VкⅠ-Ⅳ family specific primers. CDR3 length diversity of Ig к chain increases as the development proceeds. The length diversity most frequently occured in VкⅢ family derived transcripts including 11 amino acids CDR3. к transcripts with 11 amino acids CDR3 were consitently expressed in both fetal and adult Ig repertoire.These results support the hypothesis that к chain CDR3 length is developmentally regulated and implicates the diversity of antigen-antibody specificity generation.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Soo Kon(이수곤)
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