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Effect of Korean red ginseng on the rabbit corpus cavernosal smooth muscle

Authors
 Y-D Choi  ;  Z-C Xin  ;  H-K Choi 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF IMPOTENCE RESEARCH, Vol.10(1) : 37-43, 1998 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF IMPOTENCE RESEARCH 
ISSN
 0955-9930 
Issue Date
1998
MeSH
Animals ; Calcium/pharmacology ; Male ; Muscle Contraction/drug effects ; Muscle Relaxation/drug effects* ; Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/drug effects* ; Nitric Oxide/metabolism ; Panax* ; Penis/blood supply* ; Plant Extracts/pharmacology* ; Plants, Medicinal* ; Potassium/pharmacology ; Rabbits
Abstract
The extracts of Korean red ginseng (EKG) is a complex mixture containing ginsenosides, polysaccharides, and several other products. Animal experiments have shown that the intravenous administration of extract of ginseng reduces blood pressure. Recently, it has been reported that ginseng has a relaxing effect on vascular smooth muscle and that the relaxation is associated with nitric oxide (NO) released from the vascular endothelium. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of EKG on isolated rabbit corpus cavernosal smooth muscle for evaluation of the possibility of developing EKG as an pharmacoerecting agent. Strips of rabbit corpus cavernosum were mounted in organ chambers to measure isometric tension. On the precontracted muscle strip with phenylephrine (PHE; 5 x 10(-6) M), EKG began to exert a relaxing effect at the concentration of 1 mg/ml and the maximal relaxation effect was reached at 40 mg/ml in a dose-dependent manner. EKG was inhibited significantly by endothelial disruption and by pretreatment with methylene blue, pyrogallol, L-NNA or atropine. EKG partially inhibited the PHE (5 x 10(-6) M) induced contraction up to 45.67% of the control in a dose-dependent fashion. EKG decreased basal tension as well as inhibited the contraction induced by addition of CaCl2 (10(-3) M) dose-dependently in muscle strips at basal equilibrated state in Ca2+ free, high K+ depolarizing solution. EKG also inhibited the contraction induced by depolarization with 20, 40 and 60 mM of KCl. However, this inhibitory effect did not occur with high concentrations of KCl (80 and 120 mM). EKG has a relaxing effect on the rabbit corpus cavernosal tissue in a dose dependent manner. The relaxation action of EKG is mediated by multiple action mechanisms that include increasing the release of NO from the corporal sinusoids, increasing intracellular calcium sequestration, and a hyperpolarizing action.
Full Text
https://www.nature.com/articles/3900300
DOI
10.1038/sj.ijir.3900300
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Choi, Young Deuk(최영득) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8545-5797
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/176909
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