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변이형 협심증 환자의 진단에 있어 Iodine-123Metaiodobenzylguanidine 심근 스캔의 유용성

Other Titles
 Assessment of Cardiac Sympathetic Neuronal Integrity Using Iodine-l23 Metaiodobenzylguanidine Myocardial Scintigraphy and Its Clinical Efficacy as a New Noninvasive Screening Test for the Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Spasm 
 하종원  ;  이종두  ;  장양수  ;  정남식  ;  권준  ;  임세중  ;  이영준 
 Korean Circulation Journal (순환기), Vol.28(2) : 183-193, 1998 
Journal Title
 Korean Circulation Journal (순환기) 
Issue Date
Backgrounds : It has been suggested that the sympathetic nervous system might play an important role in the development of coronary artery spasms. Recent advances have made possible the imaging of the cardiac adrenergic nervous system with metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) labeled with iodine-123. The purpose of this study was to assess the presence and location of abnormal sympathetic innervation by iodine-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine singlephoton emission computed tomography(SPECT) and to evaluate the clinical efficacy of iodine123-MIBG SPECT as a noninvasive screening test in patients with coronary artery spasm. Methods : Coronary arteriography and provocative tests with intravenous administration of ergonovine maleate were performed in 26 patients(21 men, 5 women, mean age 49.1±9.3, range : 26 - 59) who were suspected of having coronary artery spasms. The subjects were divided into 2 groups ; Group 1 comprised of 18 patients subjected to the positive provocative test, and Group 2 comprised of 8 patients subjected to the negative provocative test. Four healthy subjects served as controls. All patients also underwent iodine-123-MIBG SPECT for the evaluation of cardiac sympathetic integrity. The SPECT findings were qualitatively evaluated by two experienced physicians who were blind to the clinical data. Results : Abnormal sympathetic nervous innervation using iodine-123-MIBG SPECT was observed either as a reduced uptake or defect pattern in the perfused areas in 13 of the 18 vessels of ergonovine induced vasospasm. Normal sympathetic innervation as evidenced by normal iodine-123-MIBG uptake was noted in all of the 60 segments of normal vessel territories. Reduced uptake of iodine-123-MIBG was not detected in the perfused areas of five vasospasm-induced vessels(perfusion territory of LAD in 2 and the RCA in 3 patients). The sensitivity and specificity of iodine-123-MIBG for detecting coronary artery spasm were 72.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] 55% to 89%) and 100%, respectively. The positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 100% and 92.3%(95% CI 91% to 93%), respectively. Conclusion : Iodine-123-MIBG SPECT is a feasible method to noninvasively evaluate and localize the territories of coronary arteries with spasms. Invasive diagnostic coronary arteriography with ergonovine provocation tests may be unnecessary for the diagnosis of coronary artery spasm in patients with typical resting pain, negative exercise test or normal thallium perfusion scan, but abnormal iodine-123-MIBG SPECT.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shim, Won Heum(심원흠)
Rim, Se Joong(임세중) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7631-5581
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Chung, Nam Sik(정남식)
Ha, Jong Won(하종원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8260-2958
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