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시술전 관동맥 재현성(Remodeling)의 인체내 혈관내 초음파 소견의 분석

Other Titles
 Coronary Arterial Remodeling in Athersclerotic Disease 
 이남호  ;  장양수  ;  김동수  ;  최동수  ;  최동훈  ;  홍범기  ;  김현승 
 Korean Circulation Journal (순환기), Vol.28(7) : 1047-1058, 1998 
Journal Title
 Korean Circulation Journal (순환기) 
Issue Date
Background : Adaptive remodeling of the wall of diseased arterial segments occurs to compensate for the accumulation of atherosclerotic plaque. Histopathologic studies and intraoperative high-frequency epicardial coronary ultrasound imaging as well as intracoronary ultrasound imaging have shown that human coronary arteries enlarge in parallel with the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. Therefore, the lumen area is preserved until the progressive accumulation of plaque exceeds the compensatory mechanisms of the vessel. In 1995, however, Pastercamp et al. reported that arterial wall constriction (shrinkage) or inadequate enlargement may be a different mechanism associated with the development of severe arterial lumen narrowing in addition to plaque proliferation. The aim of this study is to examine what extent of de novo native coronary arterial stenosis is accompanied by compensatory enlargement and to find the predictors of inadequate remodeling with intravascualr ultrasound. Methods : Fifty eight patients were enrolled from February 1997 through October 1997. Patients who had the lesion of more than 50% stenosis of minimal luminal diameter in coronary angiography were indicated. The lesion which was located in the ostium or was very tortuous or angulated was excluded. The lesion which had the history of balloon angioplasty or stent insertion was also excluded. We used 20 MHz endosonic intravascular ultrasound catheter. We measured EEM area (External Elastic Membrane area), lumen area and plaque plus media area and analysed plaque characteristics. Results : 1) Fifty-eight consecutive patients (43 men, 15 women ; mean age 55.4 years, range 33 to 78) who had not undergone previous catheter intervention were studied, with a single intravascular ultrasound system. 2) Among 58 patients, 20 patients (35%) had acute myocardial infarction, 30 patients (52%) unstable angina, 6 patients (10%) stable angina and 2 patients (3%) old myocardial infarction. Lesions were located at the left anterior descending arteries in 29 patients (50%), right coronary arteries in 21 patients (36%) and left circumflex coronary artery in 8 patients (14%). 3) Compensatory enlargement was observed in 19 (32%) of 58 lesions and inadequate compensatory enlargement in 39 (68%). 4) EEM and plaque areas at lesion site of compensatory enlargement group were significantly larger than those of inadequate enlargement group (p <0.05). 5) Risk factors for coronary arterial disease including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia (serum cholesterol> 240 mg/dl), smokings and plaque characteristics were not statistically related with inadequate enlargement. Although there was no statistical significance, there was a tendency of inadequate enlargement in patients with diabetes mellitus and calcified plaque. 6) The only predictor of inadequate remodeling was the postmenopausal female (p <0,05). Conclusion Adaptive compensatory coronary arterial remodeling was occured less frequently in patients with acute coronary syndromes than in patients with stable angina. The only statistically significant predictor of adaptive compensatory coronary arterial remodeling was postmenopausal women. Inadequate compensatory coronary arterial remodeling was occured more frequently in patients with diabetes mellitus or calcified plaque but without statistical significance.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
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