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위장관 폴립증의 전국적 조사 : 외과적 절제 112예에 대한 분석

Other Titles
 Gastrointestinal Polyposis in Koreans: A Nationwide Survey of Clinicopathologic Analysis of 112 Surgically Rejected Cases 
 장미수  ;  김호근  ;  김우호  ;  박찬일  ;  홍은경  ;  김한겸  ;  서인수  ;  김병기  ;  장자준 
 Korean Journal of Pathology (대한병리학회지), Vol.32(6) : 404-412, 1998 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Pathology (대한병리학회지) 
Issue Date
Gastrointestinal polyposis (GIP) is a rare disease characterized by formation of the numerous polyps in the gastrointestinal tract and presenting several extraintestinal manifestations. Most of the diseases are transmitted in an autosomal dominant partten. In Korea, the epidemiological study as well as the pathological analysis of the GIP is not well established. We therefore analysed 38 items of GIP using surgically resected specimens. The materials in this study were collected from the 12 institutions and case reports in Korean literature between 1980 and 1991. The clinicopathologic findings were revealuated by several members of the study group for gastrointestinal pathology. The results are as follows: (1) A total of 112 cases were included in this study: 83 cases were collected from 12 institutions and 29 cases were collected from Korean literature. The cases were classified as adenomatous polyposis (FAP). 59 cases; Gardner’s syndrome, 3 cases; juvenile polyposis, 12 cases; Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, 35 cases; multiple colonic adenomas, 3 cases. (2)Among 59 cases of FAP, the range of age poeration was 14 to 61 years, and a family history was positive in 25 cases. The number of polyps in colorectum was 100∼8,000. Of the 37 cases in which the examination of polyp density was available, 16 cases (43%) showed the highest density in the rectum and the sigmoid colon. The carcinomatous change within polyp(s) was present in 18 cases (31%), and associated advanced single or multiple colonic carcinomas existed in 37 cases (63%). Twenty-six (45%) tumors out of total 58 carcinomas were in the rectum. Twenty-five were evaluated for the upper gastrointestinal lesions, and 11 patients (44%) had pathologic lesions; multiple fundic gland polyps in 3 cases (12%),gastric and duodenal adenomas in 2 cases (8%), gastric adenomas in 2 cases(8%),duodenal adenomas in 2 cases(8%), gastric carcinoma and adenoma in 1 case (4%),gastric carcinoma in 1 case (4%). (3) Among 3 cases of Gardner’s syndrome. the range of age at operation was 25 to 31 years, a family history was identified in 2 cases. One case was associated with an advanced colonis carcinoma and carcinomatous change within polyp. Extra gastrointestinal lesions were sebaceous cyst, epidermal cyst, osteoma and desmoid tumor. (4) Among 12 juvenile polyposis, the range of age at operation was 8 to 51 years and 5 patients had a family history. The carcinomatous change within polyp was found in 2 cases (17%) and associated advanced colonic carcinoma was in 4 cases (33%). The associated difference type polyps was tubular adenomas in 9 cases (75%), hyperplastic polyps in 4 cases (33%) and villous adenomas in 2 cases (17%). (5) Among 35 Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, the range of age at first operation was 6 to 42 years, family history was in 11 cases. The carcinomatous change within polyp was found in 1 case (3%), and associated advanced colonis carinoma in 1 case (3%). The epithelial misplacement as oserved in 4 cases (11%), and tubular or villous adenomatous feature in 4 cases (11%). In summary, the most frequent GIP for the surgical resection in Korea is FAP and the FAP is associated high incidence of coexisting advanced and intramucosal carcinomas. Hamartomatous polyposis syndromes, such as juvenile polyposis and Peutz-Jeghers syndromes are another frequent disease for the surgical resection and are associated with an increased risk of cancer.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hogeun(김호근)
Park, Chan Il(박찬일)
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