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Feasibility of a Virtual Reality-Based Interactive Feedback Program for Modifying Dysfunctional Communication: A Preliminary Study

 Junhyung Kim  ;  Young Hoon Jung  ;  Yu-Bin Shin  ;  Min-Kyeong Kim  ;  Hyojung Eom  ;  Eunjoo Kim  ;  Joohan Kim  ;  Jae-Jin Kim 
 BMC Psychology, Vol.8(1) : 50, 2020-05 
Journal Title
BMC Psychology
Issue Date
Dysfunctional communication ; Feasibility ; Training program ; Virtual reality
Background: Functional communication is vital in many areas of daily life, and modifying dysfunctional communication has been emphasized in various social areas, including family and school. The present preliminary study addressed the feasibility of a virtual reality (VR)-based interactive feedback program for the modification of dysfunctional communication.

Methods: Thirty-seven healthy young males completed psychological assessments associated with functional communication and participated in the VR-based program, consisting of the three tasks of 'exploring the communication style,' 'practicing functional communication,' and 'expressing empathy.' Behavioral parameters were recorded based on the participants' choices among available options and the visual analog scale scores that resulted in responses to questions in the tasks.

Results: Participants completed the program without dropping-out and reported 10.76 (SD, 9.66) in the Simulator Sickness Questionnaire and 106.97 (SD, 16.66) in the Presence Questionnaire. In exploring the communication style, there was no difference between the dysfunction level-with family and dysfunction level-with a friend, but only the dysfunction level-with family showed significant correlations with the level of communication with parents. In practicing functional communication, the communication scores with the placating, blaming, and computing styles significantly increased according to the repetition of trials. In expressing empathy, the empathetic feeling score was negatively correlated with the perspective-taking score, whereas the emotional intensity score was positively correlated with the level of differentiation of the self.

Conclusion: These results suggest that the program may have a tolerable level of cybersickness, an adequate level of presence, an improvement in the behavioral parameters that may reflect the important aspects of communication, and a proper reflection of psychological states or interpersonal characteristics. The use of this program can be an important starting point for the development of a more convenient method for delivering VR programs designed to modify dysfunctional communication, which can further increase computerized dissemination.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eun Joo(김은주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3061-2051
Kim, Jae Jin(김재진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1395-4562
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