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Influence of Besifovir Dipivoxil Maleate Combined With L-Carnitine on Hepatic Steatosis in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B

 Yeon Woo Jung  ;  Moonhyun Kim  ;  Beom Kyung Kim  ;  Jun Yong Park  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Kwang Hyub Han  ;  Seung Up Kim 
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, Vol.35(17) : e104, 2020-05 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Besifovir ; Entecavir ; Hepatic Steatosis ; L-carnitine ; Tenofovir
Background: Besifovir dipivoxil maleate (BSV) with L-carnitine is the first-line antiviral agent for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. We investigated whether BSV combined with L-carnitine improves hepatic steatosis (HS). Methods: Treatment-naïve patients with CHB who were initiated on antiviral therapy (AVT) were enrolled. The magnitude of HS was assessed using hepatic steatosis index (HSI), and HS improvement was defined as a ≥ 10% reduction in the HSI score from the baseline. Results: The mean age of the study patients was 56 years with a male predominance (n = 178, 64.7%). The mean body mass index (BMI), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and platelet count were 23.5 kg/m², 49.6 IU/L, 49.0 IU/L, and 191.3 × 10⁹/L, respectively. The mean HSI and fibrosis (FIB)-4 index were 32.6 and 0.5, respectively. After 6 months of AVT, platelet count (mean, 191.3→167.0 × 10⁹/L), fasting glucose (mean, 113.1→105.9 mg/dL), AST (mean, 49.6→28.0 IU/L), ALT (mean, 49.0→33.9 IU/L), and total cholesterol (mean, 170.0→162.1 mg/dL) levels significantly decreased (all P < 0.05). In the BSV group, AST (mean, 95.2→30.2 IU/L) and ALT (mean, 81.1→31.1 IU/L) levels significantly reduced (all P < 0.05), whereas HSI and FIB-4 index were maintained (all P > 0.05). In the univariate analysis, age, BMI, diabetes, cirrhosis, fasting glucose level, and ALT were significantly associated with HS improvement (all P < 0.05). Conclusion: BSV with L-carnitine did not show any improvement of HS in patients with CHB. Further prospective randomized controlled studies are needed to validate the potential beneficial effects of BSV with L-carnitine in CHB infection.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Do Young(김도영)
Kim, Moonhyun(김문현)
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Park, Jun Yong(박준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Han, Kwang-Hyub(한광협) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3960-6539
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