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Association Between Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis and Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Authors
 Hokyou Lee  ;  Gyuri Kim  ;  Young Ju Choi  ;  Byung Wook Huh  ;  Byung Wan Lee  ;  Eun Seok Kang  ;  Bong Soo Cha  ;  Eun Jig Lee  ;  Yong Ho Lee  ;  Kap Bum Huh 
Citation
 DIABETES & METABOLISM JOURNAL, Vol.44(2) : 267-276, 2020-04 
Journal Title
 DIABETES & METABOLISM JOURNAL 
ISSN
 2233-6079 
Issue Date
2020-04
Keywords
Diabetes mellitus, type 2 ; Diabetic cardiomyopathies ; Heart failure ; Insulin resistance ; Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Abstract
Background: Impaired diastolic heart function has been observed in persons with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and/or with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, it is unclear whether NAFLD fibrotic progression, i.e., non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, poses an independent risk for diastolic dysfunction in T2DM. We investigated the association between liver fibrosis and left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in T2DM. Methods: We analyzed 606 patients with T2DM, aged ≥50 years, who had undergone liver ultrasonography and pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography. Insulin sensitivity was measured by short insulin tolerance test. Presence of NAFLD and/or advanced liver fibrosis was determined by abdominal ultrasonography and NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS). LV diastolic dysfunction was defined according to transmitral peak early to late ventricular filling (E/A) ratio and deceleration time, using echocardiography. Results: LV diastolic dysfunction was significantly more prevalent in the NAFLD versus non-NAFLD group (59.7% vs. 49.0%, P=0.011). When NAFLD was stratified by NFS, subjects with advanced liver fibrosis exhibited a higher prevalence of diastolic dysfunction (49.0%, 50.7%, 61.8%; none, simple steatosis, advanced fibrosis, respectively; P for trend=0.003). In multivariable logistic regression, liver fibrosis was independently associated with diastolic dysfunction (odds ratio [OR], 1.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07 to 2.34; P=0.022) after adjusting for insulin resistance and cardiometabolic risk factors. This association remained significant in patients without insulin resistance (OR, 4.32; 95% CI, 1.73 to 11.51; P=0.002). Conclusions: Liver fibrosis was associated with LV diastolic dysfunction in patients with T2DM and may be an independent risk factor for diastolic dysfunction, especially in patients without systemic insulin resistance.
Files in This Item:
T202001575.pdf Download
DOI
10.4093/dmj.2019.0001
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Eun Seok(강은석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0364-4675
Lee, Byung Wan(이병완) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9899-4992
Lee, Yong Ho(이용호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6219-4942
Lee, Eun Jig(이은직) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9876-8370
Cha, Bong Soo(차봉수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0542-2854
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/176187
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