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Associations Between Meal Companions and Obesity in South Korean Adults

Authors
 Wonseok Jeong  ;  Sung-In Jang 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.17(8) : 2697, 2020-04 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 
ISSN
 1661-7827 
Issue Date
2020-04
Keywords
Dinner time ; eating behavior ; family dinner ; meal companion ; obesity
Abstract
Dinner, considered the main meal of the day, forms a large portion of an individual's overall food intake. Therefore, having family dinners has a significant impact on peoples' health. This study examined the relationship between meal companions and obesity among South Korean adults. Data from 23,494 participants, from the 2013-2017 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), were examined. Participants were divided into three categories: dinner with family, dinner with others, and dinner alone. Obesity was the dependent variable, using body mass index recommended by the KNHANES. A multinomial logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the target association. Compared to those that had family dinners, people who ate dinner with others or alone had a higher obesity risk (With Others: odds ratio (OR) = 1.19, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.04-1.36; Alone: OR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.03-1.27). Participants who engaged in weekly heavy drinking were more likely to be obese than those who did not drink (OR = 1.34, 95% CI = 1.19-1.51). Moreover, those who had dinner with others or alone were at higher risk of obesity regardless of their breakfast companion. Further, people who had daily meals outside of their homes had a higher risk of obesity than those who had dinner with others and those who had family dinners. Having family dinners poses a significantly lower risk of obesity compared to having dinners with others or alone, as shown by this investigation. By detailing the correlation between meal companions and obesity, this study could help motivate dieters to have more frequent family dinners.
Files in This Item:
T202001378.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijerph17082697
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jang, Sung In(장성인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0760-2878
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/176134
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