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Non-classical Role of Galectin-3 in Cancer Progression: Translocation to Nucleus by Carbohydrate-Recognition Independent Manner

Authors
 Seok-Jun Kim  ;  Kyung-Hee Chun 
Citation
 BMB REPORTS, Vol.53(4) : 173-180, 2020-04 
Journal Title
 BMB REPORTS 
ISSN
 1976-6696 
Issue Date
2020-04
Abstract
Galectin-3 is a carbohydrate-binding protein and regulates diverse functions, including cell proliferation and differentiation, mRNA splicing, apoptosis induction, immune surveillance and inflammation, cell adhesion, angiogenesis, and cancer-cell metastasis. Galectin-3 is also recommended as a diagnostic or prognostic biomarker of various diseases, including heart disease, kidney disease, and cancer. Galectin-3 exists as a cytosol, is secreted in extracellular spaces on cells, and is also detected in nuclei. It has been found that galectin-3 has different functions in cellular localization: (i) Extracellular galectin-3 mediates cell attachment and detachment. (ii) cytosolic galectin-3 regulates cell survival by blocking the intrinsic apoptotic pathway, and (iii) nuclear galectin-3 supports the ability of the transcriptional factor for target gene expression. In this review, we focused on the role of galectin-3 on translocation from cytosol to nucleus, because it happens in a way independent of carbohydrate recognition and accelerates cancer progression. We also suggested here that intracellular galecin-3 could be a potent therapeutic target in cancer therapy.
Files in This Item:
T202001373.pdf Download
DOI
10.5483/BMBRep.2020.53.4.020
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (생화학-분자생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chun, Kyung Hee(전경희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9867-7321
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/176129
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