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Permanent Pacemaker Implantations after Catheter Ablation in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Associated with Underlying Sinus Node Dysfunction

 Tae Hyun Hwang  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae Hoon Kim  ;  Jae Sun Uhm  ;  Jong Youn Kim  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Moon Hyoung Lee  ;  Hui Nam Pak 
 KOREAN CIRCULATION JOURNAL, Vol.50(4) : 346-357, 2020-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Atrial fibrillation ; Catheter ablation ; Pacemaker, artificial ; Sinus node dysfunction
Background and objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes and the incidence of permanent pacemaker implantation after catheter ablation in patients with of atrial fibrillation (AF) and sinus node dysfunction (SND). Methods: Among 3,068 total consecutive patients who underwent AF catheter ablation (AFCA), this study included 222 (9.5%; men 53.2%, 63.7±9.2 years of age, 81.5% paroxysmal AF) with underlying SND and a regular rhythm follow-up. We analyzed the rhythm outcomes, changes in the mean heart rate or heart rate variability, and permanent pacemaker implantation rate. Results: During 47.5±28.8 months of follow-up, 25 (11.3%) patients received pacemaker implantations due to symptomatic SND. More than half (56.0%, 14/25) underwent a pacemaker implantation within 3 months of the AFCA, and the annual pacemaker implantation rate was 2.0% afterwards. Both the early (68.0% vs. 31.0%, p<0.001) and clinical AF recurrence (68.0% vs. 32.5%, p=0.001) rates and continuous antiarrhythmic drug use after 3 months (44.0% vs. 24.4%, p=0.036) were significantly higher in patients requiring pacemaker implantations than those that did not. An anterior linear ablation (odds ratio [OR], 9.37 [3.03-28.9]; p<0.001) and the E/Em (OR, 1.15 [1.02-1.28]; p=0.018) were independently associated with permanent pacemaker implantations after AFCA in patients with AF and SND. Conclusions: After AFCA in patients with AF and SND, 1 of 9 patients needed a pacemaker implantation and half needed implantations within 3 months. The AF recurrence rate was significantly higher in those who required pacemaker implantations after the AFCA.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jong Youn(김종윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7040-8771
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
Hwang, Tae Hyun(황태현)
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