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What Are the Most Important Predictive Factors for Clinically Relevant Posthepatectomy Liver Failure After Right Hepatectomy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma?

Authors
 Jonathan Geograpo Navarro  ;  Seok Jeong Yang  ;  Incheon Kang  ;  Gi Hong Choi  ;  Dai Hoon Han  ;  Kyung Sik Kim  ;  Jin Sub Choi 
Citation
 ANNALS OF SURGICAL TREATMENT AND RESEARCH, Vol.98(2) : 62-71, 2020-02 
Journal Title
 ANNALS OF SURGICAL TREATMENT AND RESEARCH 
ISSN
 2288-6575 
Issue Date
2020-02
Keywords
Hepatectomy ; Hepatocellular carcinoma ; Liver failure
Abstract
Purpose: The risk of posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) after right hepatectomy remains substantial. Additional parameters such as computed tomography volumetry, liver stiffness measurement by FibroScan, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes, and platelet count used to properly assess future liver remnant volume quality and quantity are of the utmost importance. Thus, we compared the usefulness of these modalities for predicting PHLF among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after right hepatectomy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent right hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma between 2007 and 2013. PHLF was determined according to International Study Group of Liver Surgery consensus definition and severity grading. Grades B and C were defined as clinically relevant posthepatectomy liver failure (CRPHLF). The results were internally validated using a cohort of 97 patients. Results: Among the 90 included patients, 15 (16.7%) had CRPHLF. Multivariate analysis confirmed that platelet count < 140 (109/L) (hazard ratio [HR], 24.231; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.623-161.693; P = 0.001) and remnant liver volume-to-body weight (RVL/BW) ratio < 0.55 (HR, 25.600; 95% CI, 4.185-156.590; P < 0.001) were independent predictors of CRPHLF. Among the 12 patients with a platelet count < 140 (109/L) and RLV/BW ratio < 0.55, 9 (75%) had CRPHLF. Likewise, 5 of 38 (13.2%) with only one risk factor developed CRPHL versus 1 of 40 (2.5%) with no risk factors. These findings were confirmed by the validation cohort. Conclusion: RLV/BW ratio and platelet count are more important than the conventional RLV/TFLV, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes, and liver stiffness measurement in the preoperative risk assessment for CRPHLF.
Files in This Item:
T202001247.pdf Download
DOI
10.4174/astr.2020.98.2.62
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Sik(김경식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9498-284X
Yang, Seok Jeong(양석정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6930-5978
Choi, Gi Hong(최기홍) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1593-3773
Choi, Jin Sub(최진섭)
Han, Dai Hoon(한대훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2787-7876
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/176067
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