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Detection of Targetable Genetic Alterations in Korean Lung Cancer Patients: A Comparison Study of Single-Gene Assays and Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing

 Eunhyang Park  ;  Hyo Sup Shim 
 CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT, Vol.52(2) : 543-551, 2020-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase ; Epidermal growth factor receptor ; Lung neoplasms ; Molecular diagnostics ; Next-generation sequencing ; ROS proto-oncogene 1 (ROS1)
Purpose: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), and ROS proto-oncogene 1 (ROS1) are 'must-test' biomarkers in the molecular diagnostics of advanced-stage lung cancer patients. Although single-gene assays are currently considered the gold standard for these genes, next-generation sequencing (NGS) tests are being introduced to clinical practices. We compared the results of current diagnostics and aimed to suggest timely effective guidance for their clinical use. Materials and methods: Patients with lung cancer who received both conventional single-gene assays and subsequent targeted NGS testing were enrolled, and the results of their tests were compared. Results: A total of 241 patients were enrolled, and the EGFR real-time polymerase chain reaction, ALK fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and ROS1 FISH assays exhibited 92.9%, 99.6%, and 99.5% concordance with the NGS tests, respectively. The discordant cases were mostly false-negatives of the single-gene assays, probably due to technical limitation. Of 158 cases previously designated as wild-type, EGFR, ALK, and ROS1 alterations were identified in 10.1%, 1.9%, and 1.3%, respectively, and other targetable alterations were identified in 36.1% of the cases. Of patients with additionally identified actionable alterations, 32.6% (31/95) received matched therapy with a clinical benefit of 48.4% (15/31). Conclusion: Even though the conventional and NGS methods were concordant in the majority of cases, NGS testing still revealed a considerable number of additional EGFR, ALK, and ROS1 alterations, as well as other targetable alterations, in Korean advanced-stage lung cancer patients. Given the high frequency of EGFR and other targetable mutations identified in the present study, NGS testing is highly recommended in the diagnosis of Korean lung cancer patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eunhyang(박은향) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2658-5054
Shim, Hyo Sup(심효섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5718-3624
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