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Efficacy of Three-Dimensionally Printed Polycaprolactone/Beta Tricalcium Phosphate Scaffold on Mandibular Reconstruction

 Sanghoon Lee  ;  Dami Choi  ;  Jin-Hyung Shim  ;  Woong Nam 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.10(1) : 4979, 2020-03 
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It has been demonstrated that development of three-dimensional printing technology has supported the researchers and surgeons to apply the bone tissue engineering to the oromandibular reconstruction. In this study, poly caprolactone/beta tricalcium phosphate (PCL/β-TCP) scaffolds were fabricated by multi-head deposition system. The feasibility of the three-dimensionally (3D) -printed PCL/β-TCP scaffolds for mandibular reconstruction was examined on critical-sized defect of canine mandible. The scaffold contained the heterogeneous pore sizes for more effective bone ingrowth and additional wing structures for more stable fixation. They were implanted into the mandibular critical-sized defect of which periosteum was bicortically resected. With eight 1-year-old male beagle dogs, experimental groups were divided into 4 groups (n = 4 defects per group, respectively). (a) no further treatment (control), (b) PCL/β-TCP scaffold alone (PCL/TCP), (c) PCL/β-TCP scaffold with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) (PCL/TCP/BMP2) and (d) PCL/β-TCP scaffold with autogenous bone particles (PCL/TCP/ABP). In micro-computed tomography, PCL/TCP/BMP2 and PCL/TCP/ ABP groups showed significant higher bone volume in comparison to Control and PCL/TCP groups (P < 0.05). In histomorphometric analysis, a trend towards more bone formation was observed in PCL/TCP/BMP2 and PCL/TCP/ABP groups, but the results lacked statistical significance (P = 0.052). Within the limitations of the present study, 3D-printed PCL/β-TCP scaffolds showed acceptable potential for oromandibular reconstruction.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Nam, Woong(남웅) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0146-3624
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