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Adjunctive Markers for Classification and Diagnosis of Central Nervous System Tumors: Results of a Multi-Center Neuropathological Survey in Korea

Authors
 Yoon Jin Cha  ;  Se Hoon Kim  ;  Na Rae Kim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY AND TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE, Vol.54(2) : 165-170, 2020-03 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY AND TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE 
ISSN
 2383-7837 
Issue Date
2020-03
Keywords
Central nervous system ; Korea ; Molecular testing ; Neoplasms ; World Health Organization
Abstract
Background: The revised 4th 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) classification has adopted integrated diagnosis encompassing the histology and molecular features of CNS tumors. We aimed to investigate the immunohistochemistry, molecular testing, and testing methods for diagnosis of CNS tumors in pathological labs of tertiary centers in Korea, and evaluate the adequacy of tests for proper diagnosis in daily practice. Methods: A survey, composed of eight questions concerning molecular testing for diagnosis of CNS tumors, was sent to 10 neuropathologists working in tertiary centers in Korea. Results: For diagnosis of astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors, all 10 centers performed isocitrate dehydrogenase mutations testing and 1p/19q loss of heterozygosity. For glioneuronal tumors, immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays for synaptophysin (n = 9), CD34 (n = 7), BRAF(VE1) (n = 5) were used. For embryonal tumors, particularly in medulloblastoma, four respondents used IHC panel (growth factor receptor bound protein 2-associated protein 1, filamin A, and yes-associated protein 1) for molecular subclassification. Regarding meningioma, all respondents performed Ki-67 IHC and five performed telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter mutation. Conclusions: Most tertiary centers made proper diagnosis in line with 2016 WHO classification. As classification of CNS tumors has evolved to be more complex and more ancillary tests are required, these should be performed considering the effect of necessity and justification.
Files in This Item:
T202000954.pdf Download
DOI
10.4132/jptm.2020.02.04
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Se Hoon(김세훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7516-7372
Cha, Yoon Jin(차윤진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5967-4064
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/175959
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