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Incidence, predictors, and outcomes of distal vessel expansion on follow-up intravascular ultrasound after recanalization of chronic total occlusions using new-generation drug-eluting stents: Data from the CTO-IVUS randomized trial

Authors
 Sung‐Jin Hong  ;  Byeong‐Keuk Kim  ;  Young‐Joo Kim  ;  Seung‐Woon Rha  ;  Seung‐Jin Lee  ;  Hee‐Yeol Kim  ;  Jin‐Ho Choi  ;  Chul‐Min Ahn  ;  Jung‐Sun Kim  ;  Young‐Guk Ko  ;  Doonghoon Choi  ;  Myeong‐Ki Hong  ;  Yangsoo Jang 
Citation
 CATHETERIZATION AND CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS, Vol.95(1) : 154-164, 2020 
Journal Title
 CATHETERIZATION AND CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS 
ISSN
 1522-1946 
Issue Date
2020
Keywords
chronic coronary total occlusion ; drug-eluting stent ; intravascular ultrasound
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of distal vessel expansion on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) after recanalization of chronic total occlusion (CTO) particularly using new-generation drug-eluting stent (DES). BACKGROUND: The luminal changes of narrowed vessels distal to CTO segments after recanalization using new-generation DES have rarely been studied. METHODS: This substudy of the CTO-IVUS (Chronic Total Occlusion InterVention with drUg-eluting Stents) trial included a total of 69 new-generation DES-treated CTOs with serial matched IVUS analyses at index percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and at 1-year follow-up. The predictors of distal vessel expansion, any increase of lumen area at the distal reference (LAdistal ) on 1-year follow-up IVUS, were evaluated by multivariable binary logistic analyses. RESULTS: Distal vessel expansion was identified in 46 (67%). Independent determinants of distal vessel expansion were proximal CTO, a smaller LAdistal at the index PCI, a greater minimal stent area-to-LAdistal (MSA-to-LAdistal ) ratio, and a greater lumen area at the distal stent edge-to-LAdistal (LAedge -to-LAdistal ) ratio. The cut-off values of a MSA-to-LAdistal ratio and a LAedge -to-LAdistal ratio predicting the distal vessel expansion by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were 1.0 and 1.1, respectively. During the median 5.1 years, rates of target vessel revascularization, cardiac death, and stent thrombosis were similar in the distal vessel-expanded and nonexpanded groups. CONCLUSION: After opening CTO with new-generation DES, two-thirds of patients exhibited distal vessel expansion on 1-year follow-up IVUS. Expansion determinants were a proximal CTO, lower LAdistal , and larger stent areas relative to the LAdistal (modifiable procedural predictors).
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ccd.28461
DOI
10.1002/ccd.28461
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/175294
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