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차세대 염기서열 분석법과 항암요법

Other Titles
 Next generation sequencing and anti-cancer therapy 
Authors
 손주혁 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol.62(2) : 119-129, 2019 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 
ISSN
 1975-8456 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Next generation sequencing ; Cancer ; Targeted therapy ; Immunotherapy
Abstract
Over the last two decades, the systemic treatment of cancer has evolved from cytotoxic chemotherapy to targeted therapy and now immunotherapy. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is entering clinical applications for cancer treatment through the help of more powerful computational analyses. The increasing number of targeted therapies approved by regulatory authorities (RAs) with or without biomarkers necessitates the screening of multiple biomarkers using NGS, which is now approved and reimbursed by Korean RAs for some types of malignancies. However, the clinical utility of NGS remains to be established as a prerequisite for its routine incorporation into clinical practice. Currently, the best scenario of NGS use in clinics is to enroll patients into clinical trials based on the detection of biomarkers, but this is only possible in the hospitals conducting the specific trial. The other scenario is the off-label use of a targeted drug, but this requires social consensus for future implementation. The clinical applications of NGS are expanding in terms of its platforms, from targeted sequencing to whole exome and RNA sequencing, and in terms of systemic therapy, from targeted therapy to immunotherapy. Research into tumor mutational burden and neoantigens is shedding new light on the clinical use of NGS in immunotherapy.
Files in This Item:
T201905776.pdf Download
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Sohn, Joo Hyuk(손주혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2303-2764
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/175179
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