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Comparative microbiomes of ticks collected from a black rhino and its surrounding environment

Authors
 Seogwon Lee  ;  Ju Yeong Kim  ;  Myung-hee Yi  ;  In-Yong Lee  ;  Robert Fyumagwa  ;  Tai-Soon Yong 
Citation
 International Journal for Parasitology, Vol.9 : 239-243, 2019 
Journal Title
 International Journal for Parasitology 
ISSN
 0020-7519 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Amblyomma gemma ; Black rhino ; Diceros bicornis ; Metagenomics ; Microbiome ; Ticks
Abstract
Eliska,' an endangered black rhino (Diceros bicornis), died suddenly in Mkomazi National Park in Tanzania in 2016. Three Amblyomma gemma ticks were collected from Eliska's body, and four ticks were collected from the surrounding field. We conducted 16S rRNA targeted high-throughput sequencing to evaluate the overall composition of bacteria in the ticks' microbiomes and investigate whether the ticks could be the cause of Eliska's death. The ticks collected from Eliska's body and the field were found to differ in their bacterial composition. Bacillus chungangensis and B. pumilus were the most commonly found bacteria in the ticks collected from the field, and B. cereus and Lysinibacillus sphaericus were the most commonly found in the ticks collected from Eliska's body. The abundance was higher in the ticks collected from the field. In contrast, the equity was higher in the ticks collected from Eliska's body. No known pathogenic bacteria that could explain Eliska's sudden death were found in any of the ticks. The differences between the microbiome of ticks collected from Eliska's body and from the field indicate that the microbiome of ticks' changes through the consumption of blood.
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.1016/j.ijppaw.2019.05.008
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Environmental Medical Biology (환경의생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ju Young(김주영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2456-6298
Yong, Tai Soon(용태순) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3445-0769
Yi, Myung Hee(이명희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9537-5726
Lee, In Yong(이인용)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/174804
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