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Robotic Surgery for Rectal Cancer and Cost-Effectiveness

 Youngbae Jeon  ;  Eun Jung Park  ;  Seung Hyuk Baik 
 Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Vol.22(4) : 139-149, 2019 
Journal Title
 Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery 
Issue Date
Rectal neoplasm ; Robotic surgical procedures ; Cost-benefit analysis
Robotic surgery is considered as one of the advanced treatment modality of minimally invasive surgery for rectal cancer. Robotic rectal surgery has been performed for three decades and its application is gradually expanding along with technology development. It has several technical advantages which include magnified three-dimensional vision, better ergonomics, multiple articulated robotic instruments, and the opportunity to perform remote surgery. The technical benefits of robotic system can help to manipulate more meticulously during technical challenging procedures including total mesorectal excision in narrow pelvis, lateral pelvic node dissection, and intersphincteric resection. It is also reported that robotic rectal surgery have been shown more favorable postoperative functional outcomes. Despite its technical benefits, a majority of studies have been reported that there is rarely clinical or oncologic superiority of robotic surgery for rectal cancer compared to conventional laparoscopic surgery. In addition, robotic rectal surgery showed significantly higher costs than the standard method. Hence, the cost-effectiveness of robotic rectal surgery is still questionable. In order for robotic rectal surgery to further develop in the field of minimally invasive surgery, there should be an obvious cost-effective advantages over laparoscopic surgery, and it is crucial that large-scale prospective randomized trials are required. Positive competition of industries in correlation with technological development may gradually reduce the price of the robotic system, and it will be helpful to increase the cost-effectiveness of robotic rectal surgery.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun Jung(박은정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4559-2690
Baik, Seung Hyuk(백승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4183-2332
Jeon, Youngbae(전영배)
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